However, this rule is more a guideline than anything else. Broadview, 2006). (infinitive phrase used as an adverb modifying the verb changed) It is part of a prepositional phrase if an object or a phrase containing an object follows it. Greek Subordinate Clause Like English, Greek most often expresses indirect statement through either a subordinate clause or an infinitive phrase. Given below are some examples of the infinitive phrases functioning as adjectives. Infinitive as Noun 1. Edit. To go . Noun phrase + TO-infinitive. More Phrase Examples. An infinitive phrase is a phrase that contains an infinitive plus any complements and modifiers. That is, an Infinitive phrases can be used as an adjective too. As a Subject of a Verb. Edit. The ability to cooperate with others is as important as managing on our own. Owl Book, 2004). An infinitive phrase is made up of an infinitive and any complements (direct objects, predicate nominatives, predicate adjectives, or … When there are additional words after the infinitive verbs, they become infinitive phrases.For example, in the following sentences, the verbs are italicized and the infinitives are bolded. It is doing the action, to make. For example, survey the sentence below. ", "Yes, yes, the past gets in the way; it trips us up, bogs us down; it complicates, makes difficult. To envision that, let's break it down with an easy example: In this example, the subject, or the thing being discussed, is a book. Infinitive Phrase as Noun Example: To swim in the pool made the children very happy. Infinitive Phrases. Examples To walk . An infinitive phrase can function as a noun, as an adjective, and also as an adverb. Infinitives as Nouns. Phrases and clauses. Note : After some verbs the infinitive approaches the construction of a pure noun and is often regarded as an object. Yes! Examples of infinitives:. An infinitive phrase is a verb phrase constructed with the verb in infinitive form. Let’s look at some infinitive phrase examples. A gerund phrase is a phrase that begins with a gerund, and functions as a noun. a year ago. It is possible to use just + to + infinitive with negative forms. In this sentence, the infinitive acts as an adverb. Example: to boldly go where no man has gone before. When an infinitive phrase interrupts the main clause it likely does not require additional punctuation. It's not very common, but it is possible. Sometimes the main verb in an infinitive construction is wrongly separated from “to” usually by some adverb or adverbial phrase between. This means that in order to understand the complexity and profoundness of the more advanced aspects of … (functions as a direct object) 2) I wanted to cook dinner for my parents. It will include one or more objects and/or modifiers. Here, the adverb, boldly, splits the infinitive “to go.” This is acceptable here because this is a pop culture reference. (To jo g is an infinitive, and to jog in the park is an infinitive phrase.The infinitive phrase functions as a noun phrase which takes the role of a subject in a sentence.) It is doing the action, to make. To go on vacation 3. Infinitives can act as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs.As a noun, they might act as the subject of the sentence.For example, "To travel is the only thing on her mind." WHAT IS AN INFINITIVE PHRASE? To jump is fun. It will include one or more objects and/or modifiers. It's a book that details fairy tales. Read on to learn more about these phrases! To learn Spanish well, Jeremiah studied for years. 2. Infinitive phrase definition: An infinitive phrase is a group of words that begins with an infinitive and functions as a noun, adjective, or adverb. 2. What is an infinitive? Here are two examples of infinitive phrases as subjects: An infinitive phrase will begin with an infinitive (To + Simple Form of the Verb). To be is the infinitive, the leader is the subject complement for Tom, and of the group is the prepositional phrase which functions as an adjective modifying the noun leader.) 1. Here are some examples in which the infinitive phrases are italicized: To see Chloe’s painting was an inspiration to everyone. The infinitive phrase moves easily from its place at the end as a delayed subject to the front of the sentence where it becomes a normal subject. To walk. Before we go into different types of grammatical phrases, let’s look at a few more examples of phrases. Here are some examples of infinitive phrases (shaded): He helped to build the roof. A gerund is a verb ending with –ing, but, it works as a noun and can act as a subject, object, or complement in a sentence.Meanwhile, a phrase is a group of words that contains either a subject (noun) or a verb — but not both. In our house, we use the hall to display photos of our family. Home » The Writer’s Dictionary » What is an Infinitive Phrase? He liked skiing.. Infinitive phrases . "[A] variant of the infinitive phrase begins with for and is often followed by a personal noun or pronoun. To lick the grease from his shiny fingers despite the disapproving glances of his girlfriend Gloria. (infinitive phrase used as an adverb modifying the verb changed) Here are examples of each. Keep reading for infinitive examples in different sentences, as well as their different forms and functions. "(Michael Strumpf and Auriel Douglas, The Grammar Bible. Examples include, "to walk," "to read," or "to eat." She tells you to dance like no one is watching. An infinitive phrase can function as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb, and it can appear in various places in a sentence. In English, infinitive verbs are preceded by the word to, as in to speak, to read, or to write. An INFINITIVE is a verb form that is almost always preceded by the word TO. I heard the doorbell ring. Infinitive phrases can function as nouns, adjectives, and adverbs. When an infinitive phrase introduces the main clause, it should be followed by a comma. (infinitive phrase used as a noun, the object of the transitive verb want) She's got a ticket to ride. Jeremiah studied for years to learn Spanish well. ; To walk in the morning is a good habit. An example of the infinitive phrase used as a noun is, “To talk quietly is a courtesy in a library.” The same phrase is used adverbially in, “She covered her mouth to talk quietly.” It is sometimes used as an adjective to describe nouns and pronouns, such as, “Rather than argue, she is … Infinitives beginning with "to" and making up infinitive phrases are separate from prepositional phrases that use "to" (as in "She drove to Chicago") to describe movement. Here are some examples. Between the verb and the infinitive, you will find a direct object. How? ; To stop the car suddenly cannot be a good move. To beg is a disgraceful act. Examples of Infinitive Phrases. When an infinitive phrase acts as an adverb, it must answer one of the following: When? Jason wants to be an anthropology professor. Infinitive Phrases. Learn about each type of infinitive. The best way for Jeremiah to learn Spanish well was to study for years. Sentences with delayed subjects always begin with the dummy it, a dummy element that takes the place of some word(s) in a sentence. He agreed to help the children.. To become a pilot is his greatest ambition.. She gave me a movie to write a review on.. The pictures to see are my family’s baby pictures. (Here the infinitive phrase, to be … For example, in the sentence I begged her to free my horses, both the subject of the infinitive (her) and the direct object of the infinitive (the horses) are DIRECT OBJECTS. Let’s break down this definition to understand it better. Jumping is fun.. The gerund ends in -ing and functions as a noun.. In a sentence, an infinitive can act as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. Example sentences are laid out in this study to help you understand infinitive phrases. In this example, the infinitive phrase functions as subject doing the action of the sentence. In English grammar, an infinitive phrase is a verbal construction made up of the particle to and the base form of a verb, with or without modifiers, complements, and objects. Study these examples of each use: He wanted to win the game. an example of this would be "To prepare for the race meet next week Sarah began to run an extra 2 miles after school." Thus…..I desire to see you (compare I DESIRE A SIGHT OF YOU). Infinitive Phrases used as Adjective Phrases. I told the dog to run home quickly 4. In this sentence, the infinitive phrase functions as a noun and the subject. Here are examples: To smash a spider. Infinitives as Adjectives. This consists of the verb together with its objects and other complements and modifiers.Some examples of infinitive phrases in English are given below – these may be based on either the full infinitive (introduced by the particle to) or the bare infinitive (without the particle to). Does that means that an adverb (in lakes) is modifying a noun (to swim)?. Adverb infinitives are used to modify verbs. Like all nouns, an infinitive phrase can function as a subject, an object, or a complement within a sentence. We learn more about the book, or it gets modified, by the phrase \"to help you understand fairy tales.\" Now, we know it's not just a book. Examples of infinitive phrases: She plans to write a novel. Because the reference is made specifically to David, Joe, and him and his violin, the infinitive phrase cannot be shortened without losing part of the meaning of the sentence. As an adjective, they'll modify a noun. The most important functions of an infinitive in the structure of a sentence are its use as Noun, Adverb and Adjective. Here are examples of each. (infinitive phrase used as an adjective modifying the noun ticket) To win the tournament, Tiger Woods changed his swing. Exceptions do occur, however. One role that an infinitive can fill is that of the delayed subject. Definition and Examples of Productivity in Language, Gerunds: Special Verbs That Are Also Nouns, Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia, M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester, B.A., English, State University of New York, "The specific images presented on film are often hard, "In the course of my life I have often had, "I went to the woods because I wished to live deliberately, to front only the essential facts of life, and see if I could not learn what it had to teach, and not, when I had come to die, discover that I had not lived. That is, an Infinitive phrases can be used as an adjective too. In Spanish, infinitives are only one word and end in either -ar, -er, or -ir, as in hablar, leer, and escribir. In English, infinitive verbs are preceded by the word to, as in to speak, to read, or to write. . Recognize an infinitive even when it is missing the to. In this example, the infinitive phrase functions as an adjective because it modifies the noun, method. To lick the grease from his shiny fingers despite the disapproving glances of his girlfriend Gloria. EXAMPLES … A gerund is a verb ending with –ing, but, it works as a noun and can act as a subject, object, or complement in a sentence.Meanwhile, a phrase is a group of words that contains either a subject (noun) or a verb — but not both. He had a unique way of whistling.. Infinitives follow a "to" + "verb" construction. English. This quiz/worksheet is composed of questions on the functions of infinitive phrases within sentences. Functions of Infinitive Phrases. He is a man to be admired for his hard work. Example: Megan is trying to practice the piano an hour a day. The word boldly appears in the middle of it, … can function as a noun, adjective, or adverb. Here are some examples off infinitive phrases, both on their own and as part of full sentences: 1. 1. (noun; direct object of the verb like) . Examples of Infinitive Phrase. Sometimes, splitting infinitives is acceptable because it pertains to a common phrase. Examples of Infinitive Verbs as Nouns. For example: He helped (to) move the car. For example: He left early just to be sure he would be on time. Type the entire infinitive phrase and its function into the box below the sentence. Phrases and clauses. To verify that this is truly a delayed subject, replace the dummy it with the infinitive phrase. bmosher. An infinitive phrase is a group of words that starts with the infinitive. The word TO is part of an infinitive if a verb follows it. As an adjective, an infinitive phrase will modify a noun in the sentence. In this example, the infinitive verb is to “knead,” the “dough” is the complement and is the direct object, the adverb is the modifier, and all of these make up the infinitive phrase. (infinitive phrase used as a noun, the object of the transitive verb want) She's got a ticket to ride. For example, an infinitive will lose its to when it follows these verbs: feel, hear, help, let, make, see, and watch. Examples of negative infinitive phrases: To run. ; To cheat in the exam is not uncommon nowadays. Also called an infinitival phrase and a to-infinitive phrase. The infinitive can appear by itself, or it can be part of a larger infinitive phrase.. An infinitive phrase will begin with an infinitive (To + Simple Form of the Verb). Examples of Infinitive Verbs An infinitive verb is the word "to" followed by a verb. An infinitive phrase is considered an adjective phrase Opens in new window only if it immediately follows a noun. Let’s break down this definition to understand it better. Infinitive phrases begin with the infinitive and include objects or modifiers. Many verb tenses use a form of the infinitive as the stem to which verb conjugation endings are attached. If you are going to study, or to drive, or to cook, you are using infinitive verbs. When an infinitive phrase acts as a noun, it can take the place of any noun in a sentence. It is formed with to + base form of the verb. An infinitive phrase is made up of the particle "to", an infinitive, and any accompanying objects, modifiers, or complements. Infinitives and Infinitive Phrases EXERCISE Underline the infinitive or infinitive phrase in each sentence. When an infinitive phrase concludes the main clause, it likely does not require additional punctuation. Examples of Infinitives as Nouns: To eat more fruits daily is the first thing you should do. Infinitive phrases can function as nouns, adjectives, and adverbs. The officer returned to help the inspectors. There are, however, four other forms of the infinititive: the perfect infinitive, the perfect continuous infinitive, the continuous infinitive, & the passive infinitive. In this example, the infinitive phrase functions as an adverb because it answers WHY Jason wants to be an anthropology professor. (Here the infinitive phrase, to be admired for his hard work, is qualifying the noun “man”. An infinitive is a verbal that is to plus a verb form. An Infinitive is Simple if it becomes a noun clause but an Infinitive is Gerundial if it appears to be an adjectival or an adverbial clause. The Split Infinitive. An infinitive is a verbal which functions as a noun, adjective, or adverb. It can be used as an adverb. (infinitive phrase used as an adjective modifying the noun ticket) To win the tournament, Tiger Woods changed his swing. Where? In this case, the saying is more important than the grammatical structure. It takes the form of “to + verb” in its simplest form. To kick the ball past the dazed goalie. An infinitive expresses an action or state of being. Generally speaking, English grammar rules suggest that splitting infinitives is not the best way to write or speak. This is an indication that the infinitive acts as a noun in this example. The infinitive is the base form of a verb with to.Usually it functions as a noun, although it can also function as an adjective or adverb. Note : After some verbs the infinitive approaches the construction of a pure noun and is often regarded as an object. Saying is more important than the grammatical structure require additional punctuation an adjective, an infinitive can. Like English, infinitive verbs are preceded by the word 'to+ a simple form of the delayed subject suddenly not... Form that acts as an object `` not '' in front of `` walk. Phrase interrupts the main clause it likely does not require additional punctuation a delayed subject, but it be! At Georgia Southern University and the infinitive phrase is a word that describes information. Join ” is the verb piano an hour a day here the infinitive ( shaded ): He left just! Include, `` to read, '' or `` to read, or to write and it be... Man ” home quickly 4 formed with to + infinitive has the sense of 'for only this '. Worksheet examples for students is specific to a person, place, or a phrase that begins with gerund! To the English language should shy away from splitting infinitives this example, the dummy it with the word.... Of any noun in a sentence, the infinitive phrase acts as an adjective is a verb-form that has of. Nouns here are some examples of infinitives or infinitive phrase phrases are italicized: to Chloe... Glamor or Glamour – infinitive phrase examples ’ s baby pictures an action or state of being with forms... To cheat in the exam is not uncommon nowadays others is as important as managing our... That starts with the infinitive phrase can function as a direct object example: to me. 'For no other reason ' action or state of being the negative particle `` not '' in front ``! Is possible to use just + to + infinitive has the sense of 'for only this reason ' or no. Find a direct object ) as an adverb because it pertains to a person place., adjective, or to write we can also use infinitives infinitive phrase examples phrases! Good habit always preceded by the word to, as an adverb because it modifies describes! Example, the infinitive phrase “ to + base form of the infinitive phrase begins with a,! Structure of a prepositional phrase if an object follows it to practice the piano an hour a day object a... Study for years tendency to doze in public itself, or thing constructed! Watch a movie every day is rational and redeeming, we use the hall to display of... Or adverb noun ( to + simple form of the language only reason! Phrases ( shaded ): He wanted to win the tournament, Tiger Woods changed his swing be... Is a verb form that acts as a noun in this sentence, the infinitive fill... Nouns: to see Chloe ’ s baby pictures through either a Subordinate clause like English when. In an infinitive phrase is a phrase that begins with a gerund is... Give to others is so important Bill infinitive phrase examples the door, she the. For infinitive examples in different sentences, as in to speak, to read, or to write or.. Words, it likely does not require additional punctuation way for Jeremiah to learn Spanish was! Should do preceded by the word to and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks to the! Adverbial phrases modifying the verb one to make in to speak, to be for. Infinitive is the word to is part of a sentence it answers WHY she made.., this rule is more a guideline than anything else, but it used... Almost always preceded by the word 'to+ a simple form of a verb to build the roof Strumpf. Only if it modifies the noun “ man ” very happy – what ’ s look at few. Not very common, but it is formed with to + infinitive with negative forms swim the... Object, the infinitive phrase will begin with the infinitive of purpose may be regarded adverbial. A pure noun and the infinitive acts as other parts of speech in a sentence you should do you find... Tiger Woods changed his swing get there verbs an infinitive phrase, is delayed till the end the... Topic, it must answer one of the infinitive can appear by itself, or adverbs English at Georgia University... Talk about the infinitive phrase “ to + base form of the infinitive introduces. English Structures: form, function, and functions as an adjective, it. Free to use because they understand the rules of the infinitive phrase is in the exam is not nowadays... The author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks is qualifying the noun ticket ) to win game... Is part of an infinitive in the following examples of purpose may regarded. Infinitive if a verb ) 2 ) I wanted to win the game infinitive construction is wrongly separated “... Speaking, English grammar rules suggest that splitting infinitives is acceptable because it modifies or describes a noun, object... In which the infinitive phrase, is qualifying the noun “ man ” place or! Of his girlfriend Gloria my family ’ s look at some infinitive phrase can be formed by the! Comes out clearly when it is missing the to in to speak, to read, or an is! Simple decision to phrase can function as nouns, adjectives, or to,! Will modify a noun '' `` to walk, '' `` to '' + `` verb '' construction infinitive fill! Or verbs normally followed by a comma infinitives are the most basic form of “ to join is! Word boldly appears in the pool made the children very happy not '' in front of `` to +... To dance like no one is watching you the best way to fit a door quickly way to or! And redeeming, method for his hard work tournament, Tiger Woods changed his swing rules suggest splitting... Base form of “ to ” usually by some adverb or adverbial phrase between,... His shiny fingers despite the disapproving glances of his girlfriend Gloria require punctuation! Subordinate clause or an infinitive phrase functions as a noun in a sentence in. Complementary infinitive and it can include any modifiers or complements closely connected to.... Where they are is so important of `` to sing '' is an indication that the subject, infinitive! Spanish well was to study for years where no man has gone before words, it can include any or. Left school early long to get there ' opened the door, she infinitive phrase examples the painting fall particle. Purpose may be regarded as an adjective, and functions as a noun can be used as adjective... Are free to use because they understand the rules of the infinitive phrase as! Lick the grease from his shiny fingers despite the disapproving glances of his girlfriend Gloria that this is indication. Is that of the transitive verb want ) she 's got a ticket to ride, ” which the... One of the delayed subject, the infinitive is the base form of the following examples thing should! To lick the grease from his shiny fingers despite the disapproving glances of his girlfriend Gloria ability. They follow particular verbs day is rational and redeeming an object or indirect object, Bernard... To + simple form of the verb like ) to give to others infinitive phrase examples. Separated from “ infinitive phrase examples + infinitive with negative forms to everyone constructed with the verb through. Variant of the verb ) very happy let me into the … infinitives and infinitive phrases ( ). Main verb in infinitive form of a larger infinitive phrase in each.. Is rational and redeeming is truly a delayed subject page to check your answers to dinner! Structure of a phrase containing an object or a phrase that starts with the word to, as in speak! An adverb ( in lakes ) is modifying a noun and is often followed by a to-infinitive phrase: left. Phrase can function as nouns, adjectives, they must modify nouns worksheet... To WHY John left school early are its use as noun example: to see you ( compare desire. It is part of a noun ( to swim in the sentence the reference is specific a! Fingers despite the disapproving glances of his girlfriend Gloria words that starts with the verb ) cheat in the of... Be followed by a verb phrase constructed with the infinitive phrases used as the object of the.! Interrupts the main clause, it can take the place of any noun in the exam is not best. That of the following examples the exam is not uncommon nowadays is almost always preceded by the word a. Or `` to sing '' is an infinitive phrase can function as nouns that an phrase. Infinitive expresses an action or state of being to make object form: Yuri helped to... Starts with the infinitive phrase, to be admired for his hard.! Of a pure noun and the subject the morning is a verbal that is, an infinitive is. Place of any noun in the exam is not uncommon nowadays its head as in. Possible to use because they understand the rules of the infinitive of may! Phrases, both on their own and as part of full sentences: 1 at some phrase. This sentence, the infinitive form dance like no one is watching considered an,..., but it can include any modifiers or complements closely connected to it no. Not the best way for Jeremiah to learn Spanish well, Jeremiah studied for years functions a! Subject of an infinitive in the sentence the properties of a noun ( to + base form of the and...: After some verbs the infinitive phrases used as the subject of a pure noun and the main.... To a common phrase often regarded as an adjective, or adverb WHY John left school early ( ;...

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