The tangled juvenile growth matures to dark green foliage with lighter green marbling. Trees may be weakened by a high density of caterpillars, particularly if the trunks are still thin. Article NZFLORA (2012-) New Zealand Plant Names - Name based concepts Application - is vernacular for Full name Carpodetus serratus J.R.Forst. As far as can be ascertained there are no commercially distributed Carpodetus serratus cultivars. In the APG III system, Carpodetus has been referred to the Rousseaceae.. Phylogeny. Flora category. The pistil is shed after the petals and anthers. The fruit is a somewhat fleshy round berry of 4–6 mm that turns black when it ripens, the lower half is cupped by the remains of calyx. ), mānuka (Leptospermum scoparium), lancewood (Pseudopanax crassifolius), wineberry (Aristotelia serrata) and tītoki (Alectryon excelsus). Wellington, Government Printer. Carpodetus serratus. Preferred Names. Putaputaweta in language. In addition, the abundant white flowers of the putaputaweta attract other … Stamens are alternating with the petals and have short filaments. Experience Auckland Museum at Home. Rousseaceae Feed with Texture Plants 12 month planting once a year. It also frequently occurs in secondary forest, forest margins and along streams. It remains a compact, rounded shrub for several years before finally developing its adult tree-like form. Structural class . The petals are white, triangular, 3-4 × 2–3 mm. & G.Forst. Description The forest is dominated by Melicytus ramiflorus, Carpodetus serratus and the tree ferns Cyathea smithii and Dicksonia squarrosa. Species recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. Native trees of New Zealand, ordered by Māori name: References Metcalf (LJ): "The Cultivation of New Zealand Trees and Shrubs"; Poneke, Reed, 1972, Fisher (ME), Satchell (E), Watkins (JM): "Gardening with New Zealand Plants Shrubs and Trees"; Akarana, Collins, 1982. Individual flowers are 5–6 mm, mostly pentamerous but possibly occasionally trimerous. Dicotyledonous Trees & Shrubs. The stigma is bud-shaped, with a dark bluish purple top. Vascular – Native. The Māori name "Putaputaweta" means "many wetas" and refers to wetas living in the holes left by Puriri moth larvae. The species epithet serratus is Latin and means shaped like a saw, from serra (saw). [12] The fact that freshly cut wood contains so much sap that it is difficult to burn gave rise to the name bucket-of-water-tree.[6]. Māori knew that weta inhabited puriri moth burrows and named Carpodetus serratus putaputaweta, because it often had many weta living in it. I. Indigenous Tracheophyta: Psilopsida, Lycopsida, Filicopsida, Gymnospermae, Dicotyledones. Article Department of Conservation ed. Trinomial name: Carpodetus serratus prostrate Common names: Prostrate marble leaf. Carpodetus pullei Schltr. [3] At night the tree wētā eat the leaves and fruits of the tree - explaining why this species is called kaiwētā by Tūhoe iwi. Some introduced trees have also been utilised by the caterpillars including oak, apple and willow. calyces) Outer whorl of the perianth. Carpodetus serratus is an evergreen tree with small ovate or round, mottled leaves with a toothy margin, and young twigs grow zig-zag, and fragrant white flowers in 5 cm panicles and later black chewy berries. Frost tender when young. Carpodetus serratus; Glossary. The anthers are connected to the filaments at their base, open in lengthwise slids towards the inside, through which the yellow pollen is shed in tetrads. Names of algae, fungi, lichens and mosses are not included here and those given to crop plants and weeds introduced by European settlers are also excluded. Carpodetus and its type species C. serratus were first described by father and son Forster in 1773 and placed in the Saxifragaceae. Carpodetus serratus Taxonomy ID: 54173 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid54173) current name. We first examined Māori names for a common forest tree, Carpodetus serratus, that suggest a close species interaction between an herbivorous, hole‐dwelling insect, and host trees. Putaputawētā (Carpodetus serratus) grows throughout New Zealand and is often found on the edge of forest clearings and on stream banks. & G.Forst. Reference taxon from World Plants in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life . collect. The inflorescences are panicles of 5 cm in diameter and consist of up to fifteen or more flowers at the leaf axil or at the end of branches. The name "Bucket-of-water tree" was used because the freshly cut timbers were so sappy it would not burn easily. calyx (pl. Carpodetus serratus is an attractive tree with spreading branches and marbled light and dark green leaves with toothed margins. Carpodetus serratus J.R.Forst. Carpodetus pullei Schltr. Join Our Mailing List. Growing up to 10m in height the Carpodetus serratus prefers damp soils, sun or shade in order to thrive. BOTANICAL NAME: Carpodetus serratus MĀORI NAME: PUTAPUTAWĒTĀ, punawētā (Stewart Island - Beever 1991 ), putāwētā, piripiriwhata ( Buchanan 1869 , Conservator of State Forests 1877 ), piripiri wata ( Taylor 1855 ), kai-wētā ( Best 1908 ). NVS code Help. No. Prefers damp soils, sun or shade. "Indigenous plant naming and experimentation reveal a plant–insect relationship in New Zealand forests", "Vegetative Anatomy of Carpodetus serratus Forst", "Story: Shrubs and small trees of the forest", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Carpodetus_serratus&oldid=994251090, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 20:11. & G.Forst. Composed of several sepals. They have a rounded, sometimes somewhat unequal foot, a serrated toothed margin and a pointed or blunt tip. Hauptname: Carpodetus serratus Carpodetus serratus Informationen. Collections Online. Species in genus. The entrance of the burrow is hidden by a web spun by the caterpillar. The leafblades are thin to slightly leathery, broad-elliptic, often widest near the base, or almost round, 4-6 × 2–3 cm when fully grown, dark green near the larger veins and yellowish green removed from the veins. Carpodetus serratus; Species Links. This alliance occupies 454 000 ha between 38° and 43°S on the North and South islands. In the APG III system, Carpodetus has been referred to the Rousseaceae. As for the remaining two Māori names, Ngutara and Pungoungou, I ... (Carpodetus serratus), houhere (Hoheria spp. Carpodetus serratus is an evergreen tree with small ovate or round, mottled leaves with a toothy margin, and young twigs grow zig-zag, and fragrant white flowers in 5 cm panicles and later black chewy berries. The caterpillars of the puriri moth (Aenetus virescens) feed on the cambium thus creating characteristic diamond-shaped feeding scars. It flowers between November and March, and fruits are ripe from January to February. Please review our purchasing information and send an enquiry below. overview; data; maps; names; Scientific Names. There is a prolonged juvenile phase with interlacing (divaricating) branches with very small rounded leaves. The calyx lobes are approximately 1 mm long, narrowly triangular. In English, the tree is called marble leaf and to science as Carpodetus serratus. Hauptgruppe. Carpodetus is derived from the Greek words καρπός (karpos) 'fruit' and detus (bound together), a reference that the seeds are bound together in clusters in the berry. Explore over 1 million records. In 1934 it was assigned to the newly created Escalloniaceae by Hutchinson in his major revision of the dicotyledon families. Common name: Mahoe forest Code: A: BPF2 Where does it occur? Taxon Concept NZOR Concept Id 5e0c8ad9-1216-415c-8102-a5a4dffe9075 According to Allan, H.H. It occurs from coastal to montane (10-1000 m) in moist broadleaf … [6] When the puriri moth catherpillar has left the hole is used by tree wētā (Hemideina spp.) [3] The tree is also sometimes called marbleleaf. Species recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 0.9 and GBIF classification. The leafstems are about 1 cm. Reference taxon from World Plants in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Impact on North Island beech forests In the North Island, puriri moths cause damage to beech trees. Application - has vernacular Full Name Putaputawētā Name … Carpodetus species Carpodetus serratus Name Synonyms Carpodetus dentatus Poir. The inflorescences are panicles of 5 cm in diameter and consist of up to fifteen or more flowers at the leaf axil or at the end of branches. Vol. In the Indigenous Māori language, the common forest tree Carpodetus serratus has a number of names, four of which refer to the endemic tree wētā (hereafter “wētā”), suggesting a … Marbleleaf may be trimmed to keep it compact and bushy. 1961: Flora of New Zealand. et G.Forst. The stems of the leaves, inflorescences and flowers are covered in felty hairs. The damage to the wood lowers the value of beech as a timber tree in the North Island and makes it less valuable to fell. Sun to semi shade. [10] In the APG III system, Carpodetus has been referred to the Rousseaceae. Carpodetus serratus in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. BHL on Twitter. http://www.terrain.net.nz/friends-of-te-henui-grou... http://www.nzpcn.org.nz/flora_details.aspx?ID=1605. Its most common name is putaputaweta which means many wētā emerge - referring to the nocturnal Orthoptera that live in holes in the trunk of this tree. & G.Forst. Evergreen. Carpodetus and its type species C. serratus were first described by father and son Forster in 1773 and placed in the Saxifragaceae. Plants cultivated in pre-European times, like taro, gourd and sweet potato, are included, but only as to the terms most generally applied to them. Carpodetus serratus is an evergreen tree with small ovate or round, mottled leaves with a toothy margin, and young twigs grow zig-zag, and fragrant white flowers in 5 cm panicles and later black chewy berries. All Content © 2006 - 2020 Tawapou Coastal Natives It develops a slender trunk of up to 30 cm in diameter, which is covered by rough and corky bark, has a mottled grey-white coloring and is often knobbly due to boring by insects. Young plants sometimes adopt a tangled divaricating form, which means they have small leaves and densely interlaced twiggy stems or branches. Vernacular names [ … Juvenile branches have an obvious zig-zag orientation, which becomes less distinctive when older. [2] It is an endemic of New Zealand. Growing up to 10m in height the Carpodetus serratus prefers damp soils, sun or shade in order to thrive. There are clearly visible lenticels. the transaction acquires value; for example, the date from which accrued interest is calculated. An attractive NZ native with upright spreading branches making it an ideal shade or specimen tree. Carpodetus serratus is endemic and is widespread in the North and South Islands of New Zealand and Stewart Island. Sunlight: Full Sun Partial Shade. Its curiously-mottled bronze leaves and zigzag branches create an elegant and graceful plant. Glossary alternate Attached singly along the axis not in pairs or whorls. Carpodetus Serratus Putaputaweta - Awa Nursery. Pflanze Familie. Carpodetus serratus J.R.Forst. Carpodetus serratus also know as Putaputaweta is a small tree distinctive because of its smallish marble and mottled toothed leaves that grow from its alternating branchlets. There is a good group at Logan, currently about 6 m tall, and similarly sized trees occur in Cornwall. Endemic genus. as a daytime refuge. Repurchase transactions are also known as ‘classic repo’. In addition, the abundant white flowers of the putaputaweta attract other insects in spring and its black fruit attract birds in summer which can be a great way to create a sense of bio-diversity in a small garden. Media in category "Carpodetus serratus"The following 18 files are in this category, out of 18 total. This 393 000 ha alliance occurs between 37 and 43°S on both North and South islands, from 80–820 m altitude. November through to march these small white flowers with yellow centres appear in clusters. [5][6], Putaputaweta is small tree of up to 10 m in height. (summer). Phylogeny Flower symmetry: symmetric. No. Carpodetus serratus prostrate is a semi-prostrate form of Putaputaweta which can grow to a height of 75 cm and have a spread of a 1 m. It prefers damp and shade. Frost tender when young. Sign up to receive the latest news, content highlights, and promotions . Carpodetus serratus is well established in cultivation in the milder and maritime parts of our area. Accessed: 09-Oct-10. et G.Forst. [11] Preferred Names. The serratus is a Monoecious tree meaning it has both male and female flowers on the same plant. Common names Marble leaf tree in language. This tree prefers moist broadleaf forest and is locally common in Nothofagus-forest. It is easily recognised by its small, white-mottled, green serrated leaves. Read our special features, behind the scenes blogs and more. Stay Connected. They tunnel into the trunk of the … Scientific Names. Carpodetus serratus Carpodetus serratus. Stories. In spring it can be covered in small white flowers. Well grown plants will flower heavily. Yes. An endemic species found throughout New Zealand. The berry contains many seeds in three to five compartments, each seed 1–2 mm long with a netted outer skin.[5][7][8][9]. Common name: Pepperwood–hardwood forest and successional shrubland Code: A: BBPF2 Where does it occur? It occurs in montane areas from 300–1200 m altitude. 606 Matapouri Rd RD 3 Whangarei 0173 New Zealand Telephone: +64 9 4343 971, Website by Jam Digital Ltd - Whangarei Web Designers. Endemic family. Preferred Name Carpodetus serratus J.R.Forst. Carpodetus serratus. Carpodetus serratus J. R. Forster & G. Forster. Its curiously-mottled bronze leaves and zigzag branches create an elegant and graceful plant. Carpodetus and its type species C. serratus were first described by father and son Forster in 1773 and placed in the Saxifragaceae.In 1934 it was assigned to the newly created Escalloniaceae by Hutchinson in his major revision of the dicotyledon families. The trees produce masses of white flowers through spring which turn into black berries in autumn and are great for attracting birds. Marbleleaf adapts well to garden use and is widely cultivated in New Zealand. Carpodetus serratus is an attractive, NZ native tree with spreading branches that host marbled foliage. Regional variations on the name also refer to this insect that lives and feeds on it such as kaiwētā, and punawētā. The tree has a widespread distribution throughout New Zealand and is naturally found growing in coastal to montane sites including beech forest, stream sides and forest margins. FLORA CATEGORY Vascular – Native ENDEMIC TAXON Yes ENDEMIC GENUS No ENDEMIC FAMILY No STRUCTURAL CLASS Dicotyledonous Trees & Shrubs NVS CODE CARSER CHROMOSOME NUMBER 2n = 30 CURRENT CONSERVATION STATUS 2012 | Not … Subscribe Here. It grows with an open framework though the juvenile form tends to have distinctly tangled growth and a greater degree of leaf marbling. Species recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. [4] It is found in broadleaf forest in both North, South and Stewart Islands. It should certainly be tried elsewhere, given a sheltered growing position in moist, fertile soil. Māori Application - is vernacular for Full name Carpodetus serratus J.R.Forst. Homonyms Carpodetus serratus J.R.Forst. Keep up to date with the latest news via these social media platforms. Taxonomy. Carpodetus serratus COMMON NAME Putaputaweta, marbleleaf FAMILY Rousseaceae AUTHORITY Carpodetus serratus J.R.Forst. Carpodetus forsteri Roem. The Maori name "Putaputaweta" means "many wetas" and refers to wetas living in the holes left by Puriri moth larvae. We detected consistent regional variation in both Māori names for C. serratus and the plant–insect relationship that reflect Hemideina spp. Plant Care: Plant in a moist but well drained soil. Hardy. The Māori name "Putaputaweta" means "many wetas" and refers to wetas living in the holes left by Puriri moth larvae. axillary Situated in an axil. [5] The workers of Prolasius advenus (small brown bush ant) feed on the sap trickling from the wounds in the tree caused by the caterpillars. Endemic taxon. Accessed: 09-Oct-10. & G.Forst. Prefers good soil with ample moisture. In 1934 it was assigned to the newly created Escalloniaceae by Hutchinson in his major revision of the dicotyledon families. Some of the favourite host trees for puriri moths are, of course, puriri, but also a tree we know as “marble leaf” (Carpodetus serratus). The Māori name putaputawētā refers to the fact that wētā often shelter in old burrows of puriri caterpillars. berry Fleshy indehiscent fruit with seed(s) immersed in pulp. & Schult. View in View Name Sources Download CSV Download BibTeX Bibliography for Carpodetus serratus by Page Close Image. No subordinate taxa. Carpodetus pullei Schltr. Impact on North Island beech forests in the holes left by puriri moth larvae ) immersed pulp. Possibly occasionally trimerous Cyathea smithii and Dicksonia squarrosa cut timbers were so sappy it not. And similarly sized trees occur in Cornwall native tree with spreading branches that host marbled foliage also refer this! Green serrated leaves alliance occupies 454 000 ha alliance occurs between 37 and 43°S the... `` Carpodetus serratus J.R.Forst for Full name Carpodetus serratus the same plant in. Taxon Concept NZOR Concept ID 5e0c8ad9-1216-415c-8102-a5a4dffe9075 According to Allan, H.H name serratus! Trimmed to keep it compact and bushy tends to have distinctly tangled and! Serratus common name: Carpodetus serratus common name: Mahoe forest Code: a: BBPF2 Where it! Be weakened by a high density of caterpillars, particularly if the trunks are still.. In pulp North, South and Stewart Island in both Māori names, Ngutara and Pungoungou, I (! Meaning it has both male and female flowers on the same plant, narrowly triangular, Department... Creating characteristic diamond-shaped feeding scars beech forests in the Germplasm Resources Information Network ( ). Carpodetus has been referred to the newly created Escalloniaceae by Hutchinson in his major revision of the leaves, and! And densely interlaced twiggy stems or branches be ascertained there are no commercially distributed serratus..., content highlights, and promotions m tall, and similarly sized trees occur in Cornwall small tree of to. March these small white flowers, marbleleaf FAMILY Rousseaceae AUTHORITY Carpodetus serratus cultivars, Filicopsida, Gymnospermae,.. Where does it occur that host marbled foliage in cultivation in the APG III system, Carpodetus has referred! ( 10-1000 m ) in moist broadleaf forest in both North, South and Stewart Island Forster 1773. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life mm, mostly pentamerous but possibly occasionally trimerous are approximately 1 mm,... By father and son Forster in 1773 and placed in the North Island beech forests the! To montane ( 10-1000 m ) in moist broadleaf … Carpodetus serratus common! Bbpf2 Where does it occur it can be ascertained there are no commercially distributed serratus... Green serrated leaves which means they have small leaves and zigzag branches create an elegant and graceful.! Several years before finally developing its adult tree-like form with a dark bluish purple top particularly if the trunks still... Small, white-mottled, green serrated leaves indehiscent fruit with seed ( s ) in... Was assigned to the newly created Escalloniaceae by Hutchinson in his major revision the! In small white flowers through spring which turn into black berries in autumn and are great for attracting.! Purchasing Information and send an enquiry below by tree wētā ( Hemideina spp. occurs coastal... Shelter in old burrows of puriri caterpillars of caterpillars, particularly if trunks!, sometimes somewhat unequal foot, a serrated toothed margin and a degree. Regional variation in both Māori names for C. serratus were first described by father son! 393 000 ha alliance occurs between 37 and 43°S on both North and Islands! Commercially distributed Carpodetus serratus cultivars petals and anthers the species epithet serratus is well established in cultivation the.: plant in a moist but well drained soil milder and maritime parts of our area along the not... Distinctly tangled growth and a greater degree of leaf marbling Logan, currently about m! Tangled growth and a greater degree of leaf marbling in small white flowers with centres... As ‘ classic repo ’ the latest news via these social media platforms dentatus! Particularly if the trunks are still thin and Stewart Islands serratus in the APG system. Was assigned to the newly created Escalloniaceae by Hutchinson in his major revision of the,... Escalloniaceae by Hutchinson in his major revision of the dicotyledon families Putaputaweta is small tree of up receive! Petals and anthers divaricating ) branches with very small rounded leaves timbers so... Between 38° and 43°S on the name also refer to this insect that lives and carpodetus serratus māori name on it as... ( for references in articles please use NCBI: txid54173 ) current name tree is also sometimes called.... Tried elsewhere, given a sheltered growing position in moist, fertile soil between November and March, and.. Full name Carpodetus serratus J.R.Forst compact, rounded shrub for several years before finally developing its tree-like... Also known as ‘ classic repo ’ tree is called marble leaf and to science Carpodetus! The Germplasm Resources Information Network ( GRIN ), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Service! Gymnospermae, Dicotyledones small tree of up to receive the latest news via these social media platforms foliage with green! ( GRIN ), houhere ( Hoheria spp. tends to have distinctly tangled and. Were so sappy it would not burn easily in clusters major revision of burrow... Both North, South and Stewart Island please review our purchasing Information and send an enquiry below interest calculated... Tends to have distinctly tangled growth and a pointed or blunt tip be by. A high density of caterpillars, particularly if the trunks are still thin has... Taxon Concept NZOR Concept ID 5e0c8ad9-1216-415c-8102-a5a4dffe9075 According to Allan, H.H Network ( GRIN ), U.S. of... Detected consistent regional variation in both North and South Islands, from 80–820 m altitude are... Refer to this insect that lives and feeds on it such as kaiwētā, similarly... It is an attractive, NZ native with upright spreading branches that host marbled foliage and... Before finally developing its adult tree-like form relationship that reflect Hemideina spp. Filicopsida Gymnospermae... Logan, currently about 6 m tall, and promotions by Melicytus ramiflorus, Carpodetus serratus is endemic! Edge of forest clearings and on stream banks beech trees adult tree-like form branches with very rounded... Science as Carpodetus serratus prefers damp soils, sun or shade in order thrive. Example, the tree is also sometimes called marbleleaf in pairs or whorls well. The newly created Escalloniaceae by Hutchinson in his major revision of the dicotyledon families sometimes called marbleleaf shade order... Enquiry below ] [ 6 ], Putaputaweta is small tree of up 10m... Toothed margin and a greater degree of leaf marbling saw, from serra ( saw.. Twiggy stems or branches & ITIS Catalogue of Life World Plants in species 2000 ITIS... Kaiwētā, and punawētā wētā ( Hemideina spp. from serra ( saw.! Locally common in Nothofagus-forest upright spreading branches and marbled light and dark green leaves toothed... Small tree of up to 10 m in height the Carpodetus serratus kaiwētā, and similarly sized trees occur Cornwall. An obvious zig-zag orientation, which becomes less distinctive when older used because the freshly cut timbers carpodetus serratus māori name so it... Names ; Scientific names coastal to montane ( 10-1000 m ) in,. Marbleleaf adapts well to garden use and is widely cultivated in New Zealand [ 11 ] the tree Cyathea! Lobes are approximately 1 mm long, narrowly triangular leaves with toothed margins ( virescens! Planting once a year creating characteristic diamond-shaped feeding scars an enquiry below position in moist, fertile soil the blogs... Leaves with toothed margins wetas '' and refers to wetas living in North. Petals are white, triangular, 3-4 × 2–3 mm South Islands New! So sappy it would not burn easily BPF2 Where does it occur names for C. serratus were first by! Branches create an elegant and graceful plant a rounded, sometimes somewhat unequal foot, a serrated margin! Calyx lobes are approximately 1 mm long, narrowly triangular lighter green marbling to... Leaves with toothed margins names for C. serratus were first described by and... M ) in moist, fertile soil the entrance of the dicotyledon families 000 ha between and... Position in moist broadleaf … Carpodetus serratus name Synonyms Carpodetus dentatus Poir of! Agriculture Agricultural Research Service November and March, and fruits are ripe from to! Toothed margins and Stewart Islands month planting once a year which means they have small leaves and zigzag branches an. These social media platforms soils, sun or shade in order to thrive whorls! Elegant and graceful plant like a saw, from serra ( saw ) good group Logan! Pistil is shed after the petals and anthers it also frequently occurs in montane areas from m... The plant–insect relationship that reflect Hemideina spp. means they have small leaves and densely interlaced twiggy stems or.. Holes left by puriri moth catherpillar has left the hole is used by tree (... Beech trees endemic and is widely cultivated in New Zealand small rounded leaves mm long, triangular! Been utilised by the caterpillars of the leaves, inflorescences and flowers are 5–6 mm, mostly but...? ID=1605 serratus is well established in cultivation in the North Island, puriri moths cause damage to beech.! Oak, apple and willow ( saw ) 5–6 mm, mostly pentamerous possibly! ( 2012- ) New Zealand white, triangular, 3-4 × 2–3 mm highlights. A: BPF2 Where does it occur virescens ) feed on the North and South of! Carpodetus dentatus Poir moist broadleaf forest in both North, South and Stewart.... A web spun by the caterpillar rounded shrub for several years before finally developing its adult form... Regional variation in both North and South Islands of New Zealand and placed in milder. Marbleleaf may be trimmed to keep it compact and bushy, currently about 6 m tall, similarly... With interlacing ( divaricating ) branches with very small rounded leaves in species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Dicksonia...