The number of applications from Iranians increased in 2018 to 10,900 to become the third most common nationality. One durable solution is the local integration of refugees, a complex, gradual process in which refugees move towards permanent residence rights and, in many cases, citizenship in the country of asylum. Syrian refugee Shadi looks over the rooftops of Beirut from his balcony in the Geitawi district. At the end of 2018, 111,000 unaccompanied and separated children were known to be among the refugee population. There were 42,000 new asylum claims from Eritreans in 2018, a small decline from the 49,900 in 2017. UNPDF Results and Resources Matrix ... UNHCR Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees UNIC United Nations Information Centre ... United Nations Partnership Development Framework 2018 … Most of these were submitted in the United States of America (33,400). © UNHCR/Diego Ibarra Sánchez. Of the 81,300 submissions made in 2018, 68 per cent were for survivors of violence and torture, those with legal and physical protection needs, and particularly vulnerable women and girls. International refugee law provides an essential framework of principles for UNHCR… This rate is lower than the previous year when it stood at 49 per cent and substantially lower than the 60 per cent reported in 2016. Collecting disaggregated data can be challenging in emergency situations, as resources for data collection compete with other acute needs such as the immediate delivery of aid and protection. A total of 5.4 million Congolese from DRC were also forcibly displaced, of whom 4,517,000 were IDPs and 854,000 were refugees or asylum-seekers. This was followed by Kenya (252,500) and Yemen (249,000). The proportion of all refugees under UNHCR’s mandate hosted in Turkey alone increased to 18 per cent. Many countries, especially high and middle-income, reported all refugees living in individual accommodation. The Office seeks to reduce situations of forced displacement by encouraging States and other institutions to create conditions which are conducive to the protection of human rights and the peaceful resolution of disputes. Similarly, asylum claims from Iraqis remained the second most common and declined from 44,500 in 2017 to 20,000 in 2018. Outside the region, countries with large Syrian refugee populations included Germany (532,100), Sweden (109,300) and Sudan (93,500). More than half were from Syria (532,100), while other countries of origin included Iraq (136,500) and Afghanistan (126,000). Overall there appeared to be equal numbers of men and women in the population of concern to UNHCR. © UNHCR/Hussein Eri. The Unified Budget, Results and Accountability Framework (UBRAF) is UNAIDS instrument to operationalize the UNAIDS Strategy and achieve the vision of ending AIDS. as a result of persecution, conflict, violence, or human rights violations at end-2018. The High Commissioner for Refugees is mandated by the United Nations to lead and coordinate international action for the worldwide protection of refugees … Returns continued to account for a small proportion of the displaced population and did not offset new displacements. Italy received the largest number of these claims with 7,300, followed by Greece (7,200). It is committed to the principle of participation, believing that refugees and others who benefit from the Office's activities should be consulted over decisions which affect their lives. The United Nations Country Team has signed the United Nations Partnership Framework for the Sustainable Development Goal 2018 … More than 98 per cent of the refugees in Turkey were from Syria with 3.6 million making up more than 98 per cent of the entire refugee population. UNHCR has not yet prompted or facilitated returns to Syria because safe, dignified large-scale repatriation cannot be guaranteed. The number of Somali refugees worldwide continued to decline slowly, and 80 per cent remained in countries close to Somalia. In 2018, provisional data indicated that 27,600 unaccompanied or separated children sought asylum on an individual basis in at least 60 countries that report on this figure. The fourth most common country of origin for asylum applications was Iraq with 72,600 new claims in 2018, 20,000 of them in Turkey. Open training opportunities in the humanitarian field. KENYA. A woman from the Turkana host community (right) and her friend, a refugee from South Sudan (left), stand among the crops in the 180-hectare sorghum farm at the Kalobeyei integrated settlement. As has been the case since 2014, the main country of origin for refugees in 2018 was Syria, with 6.7 million at the end of the year, an increase over the 6.3 million from a year earlier. Like Peru, Brazil also witnessed a steep increase in asylum applications from Venezuelans, who accounted for more than three quarters of such claims in 2018 (61,600). Other people of concern is a category of people who, whether as individuals or as a group, need protection or assistance on humanitarian grounds but do not fit into existing population or legal categories. However, all individuals have the right to make a personal decision to return voluntarily to their country of origin. This process is extremely important in order to meet the needs of refugees and other populations of concern across the world and the data help organizations and States to plan their humanitarian response. The number of new individual claims is in addition to new arrivals in countries where Syrians receive prima facie or group recognition or temporary protection. EGRIS is an expert group of about 70 members from country, regional and international level, tasked with addressing challenges associated with working with statistics on refugees, asylum-seekers and IDPs. Latin American countries had granted an estimated 1 million residence permits and other forms of legal stay to Venezuelans by the end of 2018, allowing access to some basic services. Nigeria also had a high number of newly displaced people with 661,800, of which an estimated 581,800 were displaced within the country’s borders. Results of 3rd yr Bachelor Hons of NU published . the percentage of substantive decisions that resulted in any form of international protection. Comparing the size of a refugee population with that of a host country can help measure the impact of hosting that population. Some 2.1 million individual applications for asylum or refugee status were submitted to States or UNHCR in 158 countries or territories. Other countries reporting a significant number of naturalizations were The Netherlands (7,900), Guinea-Bissau (3,500) and France (3,300). There were also 6,400 claims from Iranians. This represents a small increase from 2017 when there were 1.9 million. Other countries that reported significant IDP populations included CAR (641,000), Azerbaijan (620,400), Myanmar (370,300) and Georgia (282,400). Every year some refugees agree to return to their country of origin. UNHCR’s efforts are mandated by the organization’s Statute and guided by the 1951 United Nations Convention relating the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol. There were new displacements and returns throughout the year, often occurring simultaneously in the same province. In 2018, UNHCR submitted 81,300 refugees to States for resettlement. Half of the ten countries with the highest refugee population relative to national population were in sub-Saharan Africa. The largest number of urban refugees in 2018 originated from Syria with 6.3 million people, representing 98 per cent of the entire population for which location was known. The evaluation has corporate significance with UNHCR undertaking organizational change processes … Knowing where displaced people are and how they are living is as important as knowing who they are when it comes to delivering assistance and protection. In Niger there were 27,100 people in this category, comprising mainly Niger nationals displaced from Nigeria who have no access to documentation proving their Nigerien nationality. Following her most recent flight she says: “I didn’t think I would return here again, I hoped I would live in my homeland.” © UNHCR/Andrew McConnell. Unlike camp settings, cities and urban areas present certain advantages: refugees can live autonomously and find employment or economic opportunities. Most refugees from Myanmar were hosted by Bangladesh (906,600). © UNHCR/Ley Uwera. However, only 81,300 places for new submissions were provided in 2018. Some 138,600 children were in that situation at the end of 2018. Chad continued to host the largest Sudanese refugee population with 336,700, while 269,900 Sudanese refugees were living in South Sudan. Over the years, UNHCR has worked with States to enable millions of refugees to return home, through: In 2018, UNHCR observed a number of self-organized returns, sometimes under pressure, to areas where circumstances were partially improving but where peace and security were not fully established. Typical examples include returned refugees who are still in need of UNHCR assistance more than a year after arrival, host populations affected by large refugee influxes, and rejected asylum-seekers who are considered to be in need of humanitarian assistance. Ninewa Province, which includes the city of Mosul, maintained the largest IDP population at 576,000, despite 437,000 returns during the year. This increase more than doubled the existing internally displaced population in the country. Asylum procedures in the region are overwhelmed, and to date only 21,000 Venezuelans have been recognized as refugees out of 460,000 who have sought asylum, 350,000 in 2018 alone. small-scale and individual repatriations, and, share responsibility for responding to increasingly frequent forced displacement crises, and. Results. Among countries that reported the urban-rural breakdown, Pakistan and the Islamic Republic of Iran both reported urban refugee populations largely from Afghanistan. A father carries his young daughter through treacherous, muddy scrublands by the banks of the Tachira River, which forms the border between Venezuela and Colombia. In 2018, progress continued to be made to reduce the number of stateless people through the acquisition or confirmation of nationality. In Afghanistan the internally displaced population stood at 2.1 million, up from 1.8 million at the end of 2017. © UNHCR/Andrew McConnell. In 2018, about 55 per cent of the world’s population was urban, compared with only 30 per cent in 1950. turan@unhcr.org: 0312 409 7000: UNHCR-Turkey : Sancak Mahallesi - Tiflis cad. In Germany the asylum-seeker population continued to reduce, reaching 369,300, a decline of 14 per cent. In 2018, the Expert Group on Refugee and IDP Statistics (EGRIS) presented the results of its work at the 49th session of the UN Statistical Commission. BANGLADESH. There were 3,503,300 asylum-seekers waiting for decisions on pending claims at the end of 2018, 13 per cent more than the previous year. UNHCR IN 2018. Value. Of these, 632,700 were newly displaced/registered outside the country, while the remainder were internally displaced. About 634,100 claims were rejected on substantive grounds, a number that includes negative decisions at the first instance and on appeal. Many returned to their countries or areas of origin to try to rebuild their lives, including 2.3 million IDPs and nearly 600,000 refugees. States are making an effort, often supported by UNHCR, to identify stateless individuals in their countries. UNHCR assists with cash grants and reintegration projects, usually for at least a year after arrival. Most were in neighbouring countries, such as Ethiopia and Sudan. Hondurans made up the eighth largest group to apply for asylum in 2018 with 41,500 new claims. Refugees may be vulnerable to exploitation, arrest or detention, and can be forced to compete with the poorest local workers for the worst jobs. Asylum-seekers submitted 1.7 million new claims. Finding durable solutions to enable millions of displaced people around the world to rebuild their lives in dignity and safety is a core part of UNHCR’s work. Prosper, 25, fled his village in 2016 after receiving threats from an armed group. LEBANON. Countries in developed regions hosted 16 per cent of refugees, while one third of the global refugee population (6.7 million people) were in the Least Developed Countries. Of the 31.5 million people for whom age-disaggregated data were available, 52 per cent were children under 18. This was the lowest figure since 2013. The definition has limitations, because the refugee situation is constantly changing in each situation with new arrivals and returns. The High Commissioner for Refugees is mandated by the United Nations to lead and coordinate international action for the worldwide protection of refugees and the resolution of refugee problems. UNHCR and its partners are helping returnees gain access to basic services, land and jobs. Data can be separated to show more than just the number of people in a particular situation, this is known as disaggregated data. This was followed by the Philippines (445,700), CAR (306,200) and Nigeria (176,200). UNHCR also seeks lasting solutions to their plight. UNHCR defines a protracted refugee situation as one in which 25,000 or more refugees from the same nationality have been in exile for five consecutive years or more in a given host country. Uganda also registered 160,600 new refugees in 2018, mainly from DRC (119,900). It also calls for the strengthening of civil registration and vital statistics systems and UNHCR, therefore, works with States to undertake targeted surveys and studies. The photo was taken at the National Geographic Photo Camp, an initiative which teaches youths from refugee and at-risk communities how to use photography to tell their stories. Key Evidence. Nevertheless, improved security across some territories in Tanganyika facilitated some spontaneous returns. In addition, 2.3 million IDPs returned in 2018, compared with 4.2 million in 2017. For example, UNHCR is working with IOM and UNICEF to build national statistical capabilities to measure “children on the move”. South Sudan remained the third most common country of origin and neighbouring countries hosted almost all refugees originating from there. ... 2018 … UNHCR’s Executive Committee (102 Member States as of October 2018) and the UN General Assembly have authorized involvement with other groups. Turkey continued to receive individual asylum claims from nationalities other than Syrians, who receive protection under the Government’s Temporary Protection Regulation. Turkey thus became the fifth largest recipient of new asylum claims with 83,800 submitted in 2018 from Afghanistan, Iraq and the Islamic Republic of Iran. Recognition on a group or prima facie basis was given to 599,300 refugees, and 461,200 were granted some form of temporary protection. According to government statistics, 25 countries admitted 92,400 refugees for resettlement during the year, with or without UNHCR’s … © UNHCR/Samuel Otieno. As mass displacement across the world continues to grow, it is usually low- and middle-income countries that shoulder much of the responsibility for refugees. This is a significant decline from previous years, including the 147 countries in 2017. 53 countries reported a total of 111,000 unaccompanied and separated child refugees in 2018. In September 2018, the reception and identification centre in Moria, on the island of Lesvos, hosted more than 8,500 asylum-seekers, almost four times its official capacity. This was followed by applicants from Honduras and Mexico. More information on EGRIS may be found here. Lebanon continued to host the largest number of refugees relative to its national population, where 1 in 6 people was a refugee. In addition to these countries, individual asylum claims from Syrians were lodged in 98 other countries, mostly in Europe. The TPR varies greatly depending on the countries of asylum. As in 2017, CAR remained the country of origin of the eighth largest refugee population. The main countries of asylum for refugees were: Children below 18 years of age constituted about half of the refugee population in 2018, up from 41 per cent in 2009 but similar to the previous few years. Colombians were the second largest group, with 8.0 million forcibly displaced, most of them (98 per cent) inside their country at the end of 2018. Syrians were the largest group of new refugees registered on a group or prima facie basis, accounting for more than half of new registrations mostly in Turkey, although many will have already been present in Turkey for a while before registering. Data are essential in order to identify, protect and assist these children and UNHCR is working to improve reporting on this vulnerable population. During 2018, 2.9 million displaced people returned to their areas or countries of origin, including 2.3 million IDPs and nearly 600,000 refugees. As has been the case since 2014, Turkey was the country hosting the largest refugee population, with 3.7 million at the end of 2018, up from 3.5 million in December 2017. With 254,300 such claims, the United States of America was the world’s largest recipient of new individual applications, followed by Peru (192,500) Germany (161,900), France (114,500) and Turkey (83,800). In addition, Cameroon reported 52,800 new refugees, from Nigeria (31,800) and CAR (20,900); Ethiopia reported 42,100 new refugees, mainly from South Sudan (25,400) and Eritrea (14,600); and Nigeria reported 32,600 new arrivals, all from Cameroon. The second largest number of refugee returns in 2018 was reported by South Sudan, with 136,200, mostly returning from Uganda (83,600), followed by Ethiopia (40,200). Just over half of Afghans applications received protection (54 per cent). When this happens, UNHCR monitors the progress of returns while also advocating for improved conditions. Govt. During 2018, the refugee population in Germany continued to increase, numbering 1,063,800 at the end of the year. Active conflicts and political uncertainties continued to drive significant displacement. The Syrian refugees were overwhelmingly an out-of-camp population, with more than 98 per cent living in individual accommodation. The gap between needs and actual resettlement places continued to grow. Lebanon, while hosting the seventh largest refugee population, had the highest refugee population relative to national population with 156 refugees per 1,000 national population. © UNHCR/Roger Arnold. The largest group of individuals in this category were living in Afghanistan, mostly made up of the 489,900 refugees who had returned with UNHCR’s help. They often move to areas where it is difficult for UNHCR to deliver humanitarian assistance and as a result, these people are among the most vulnerable in the world. This included 10.8 million individuals displaced2 within the borders of their own country and 2.8 million new refugees and new asylum-seekers. The Office carries out its work in collaboration with many partners, including governments, regional organizations, and international and nongovernmental organizations. The total global refugee population is now at the highest level ever recorded – 25.9 million at the end of 2018, including 5.5 million Palestinian refugees under UNRWA’s mandate. Through the Quito process, they have cooperated to harmonize their protection responses for Venezuelan nationals and facilitate their legal, social and economic inclusion. This is in addition to 668,500 IDPs. Executive Summary Sectors South Sudan … Other countries that received significant numbers of asylum applications from unaccompanied and separated children included the United Kingdom (2,900), Greece (2,600), Sweden (1,700), Egypt (1,700), Turkey (1,700), Libya (1,500). Eritrean refugee Sherifa, 35, participates in UNHCR’s campaign against human trafficking at Shagarab refugee camp in Sudan. In 2018, UNHCR submitted 81,300 refugees to States for resettlement. Canada reported the second largest number, with 18,300 from 162 countries. These data are kept up to date and analyzed in terms of various criteria, such as where people are, their age and whether they are male or female. As in previous years, Germany received the most asylum claims from unaccompanied and separated children with 4,100 – substantially lower than the 35,900 in 2016 and 9,100 in 2017. These interventions helped local communities meet the challenges of the arrival of a large number of refugees – including education, health, and water. I told myself, either we leave or we die.”. ReHoPE — Refugee and host population empowerment strategic framework - Uganda (June 2018) Format Analysis Sources. This, in turn, helps to stimulate economic growth and development within host communities, while enhancing universal access to human rights. There are significant risks for refugees returning too early and a premature, large-scale return could even further destabilize the region. The number of IDPs in Iraq declined over the course of 2018 from 2.6 million to 1.8 million, due to almost 1 million returns. Kenya reported 13,200 unaccompanied and separated children in 2018. This means that on every day of 2018, an average of 37,000 people were newly displaced. Knowing who and where people are makes it possible to plan and implement effective and efficient policy responses that address the needs of vulnerable groups and help ensure that “no one is left behind”, as laid out in the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda. The World Bank, in partnership with the UN Refugee Agency, UNHCR, have launched a report which is based on the results of a 2018 Kalobeyei Socioeconomic Profiling Survey. The refugee population in Ethiopia, the ninth largest refugee host country, increased during 2018, reaching 903,200, with over half from South Sudan (422,100). By assisting refugees to return to their own country or to settle permanently in another country, UNHCR also seeks lasting solutions to their plight. Germany received 161,900 new asylum applications, continuing a decrease that put them in third place, down considerably from the peak of 722,400 in 2016. For the first time, asylum claims from Venezuelans dominated the global asylum statistics with 341,800 new claims in 2018, accounting for more than 1 in 5 claims submitted. To support UNHCR in delivering its mandate, more than 310 UN Volunteers have served with in the Arab States during the period 2016-2019, over 50 per cent of them women. Syrian refugee Ronia lives with her five daughters in Domiz refugee camp, northern Iraq. OCHA coordinates the global emergency response to save lives and protect people in humanitarian crises. Nigeria hosted 100 at the beginning of 2018 compared to 32,800 by the end of the year. The decrease was mainly due to returns (45,500) and as a result of verification exercises that often reflect spontaneous departures. … – Eulirio, a 33-year-old indigenous Warao from Delta Amacuro in Venezuela. Some 35,000 refugees and migrants arrived in Greece between January and September 2018 – an increase of 48 per cent compared to 2017. Returns have not kept pace with the rate of new displacements. The availability of disaggregated data varies widely between countries and population groups. Refugees from Afghanistan were the second largest group by country of origin, in what has remained a significant population since the 1980s. An estimated 13.6 million people were newly displaced due to conflict or persecution in 2018. Countries in the Middle East and North Africa with significant numbers of Syrian refugees included Lebanon (944,200), Jordan (676,300) and Iraq (252,500). Uganda was host to refugee populations from several countries, the largest being from South Sudan (with 788,800 at the end of 2018). He lives with his wife, their three-year-old daughter, and a 12-year-old boy who joined them during their flight. This is a significant reduction compared with 2017 (8.5 million) but is similar to 2016 (4.9 million). As the Syria crisis entered its eighth year, continued hostilities led to large-scale displacement with people fleeing sporadic artillery shelling and infighting. At the end of 2018, there were 2.7 million Afghan refugees, mainly in Pakistan and the Islamic Republic of Iran, who between them hosted 88 per cent. Bangladesh continued to host a large population of 906,600 refugees at the end of 2018, almost entirely from Myanmar. The largest urban refugee population was in Turkey, where the vast majority of refugees were reported to be living in urban or peri-urban areas. Most of these claims were from children aged 15 to 17 (18,500) but a substantial minority were from younger children (6,000). 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