[83] Instead, private universities have sprung up to cater to the local population. Most Malaysian Chinese follow a combination of Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism and ancestor-worship but, when pressed to specify their religion, will identify themselves as Buddhists. The total population in Malaysia was estimated at 32.6 million people in 2019, according to the latest census figures and projections from Trading Economics. 2050 projection. Citizens of Minangkabau, Bugis or Javanese origins, who can be classified "Malay" under constitutional definitions may also speak their respective ancestral tongues. Conversely, there were more females in the old–age group (65 years and over) in the year under review (1.13 million females and 1.06 million males). Malaysia has many other non-Malay indigenous people, who are given Bumiputra status. [2] The population distribution is uneven, with some 79% of its citizens concentrated in Peninsular Malaysia, which has an area of 131,598 square kilometres (50,810.27 sq mi), constituting under 40% of the total area of Malaysia. Malaysia contains speakers of 137 living languages,[56] 41 of which are found in Peninsula Malaysia. The second largest ethnic group at 6.69 million are the Chinese who make up 23% of the population excluding non-citizens as of 2018. This was largely due to the influence of the European education system, wherein children were taught the Latin alphabet. The Indians who came to Malaysia brought with them the Hindu religion, its unique temples called Kovils and the Sikhs with their Gurdwaras. Source: National Census 2000,[15] Department of Statistics Malaysia. [5][6], Censuses were taken in Malaysia in 1970, 1980, 1991, 2000 and 2010. The Romanised script was introduced during the colonial period and, over time, it came to replace both Sanskrit and Jawi. The population distribution is uneven, with some 79% of its citizens concentrated in Peninsular Malaysia, which has an area of 131,598 square kilometres (50,810.27 sq mi)… Demographic Transition in Malaysia, Demographic Statistics Division, Malaysia. Punjabi language is commonly spoken by the Punjabi community. Email : info@dosm.gov.my (general enquiries) [14] The USCRI named Malaysia as one of the ten worst places for refugees on account of the country's discriminatory practices toward them. The 2019 population density in Malaysia is 97 people per Km 2 (252 people per mi 2), calculated on a total land area of 328,550 Km2 (126,854 sq. Malaysia's population, according to the 2010 census, is 28,334,000 including non-citizens, which makes it the 42nd most populated country in the world. [12] The exact numbers are unknown: there are a million legal foreign workers and perhaps another million unauthorised foreigners. The largest group of Malaysians consist of three main races, namely the Malays, Chinese and Indians. "If the migration trend continues to 2030, Malaysian Chinese would account for only 19.6 per cent of the population," Ms Ng predicted, as reported by the Free Malaysia … In China, a Cantonese and a Hakka belong to different ethnic groups, but in Malaysia, all the Chinese see themselves as belonging to one ethnic group vis-à-vis the Malays and other Malaysians, and the Cantonese and Hakka are usually described as "dialect groups" or "speech-groups". However, their ancestral land and hunting grounds are commonly reclaimed by the state, shifting them to inferior land and sometimes pushing them out of their traditional way of life. However, English is also widely spoken in major towns and cities across the country. Students will sit a standardised test conducted by UCSCAM, which is known as the Unified Examination Certificate (UEC) in Junior Middle 3 (equivalent to PMR) and Senior Middle 3 (equivalent to A level). [85], The country generally has an efficient and widespread system of health care. A lion dances in front of the Church of Our Lady of Sorrows, one of the traditional Chinese-majority Catholic parishes in Penang, Malaysia, on Feb. 4, 2019. [72] The jurisdiction of Shariah courts is limited only to Muslims in matters such as marriage, inheritance, divorce, apostasy, religious conversion, and custody among others. FAQs     2019. [69] Christianity constitutes a slim majority of the non-Malay Bumiputra community (50.1%) with an additional 36.3% identifying as Muslims while 7.3% follow folk religion. 2022 576,000. Malaysia has ~ 25.84 million active internet users (80 percent of the population) and the population has extremely high rates of mobile phone penetration. POPULATION SIZE AND GROWTH. Sabah has a large amount of indigenous people, 28% of the population are Kadazan-Dusuns, and 17% are Bajaus.[10]. Read more Malaysia bans controversial belt and road comic for cultural insensitivity The composition of the population aged 0–14 years old (young age) in 2019 decreased from 23.8 per cent in 2018 to 23.3 per cent. More recently, however, with the standardised, compulsory use of Mandarin in Chinese schools, a huge majority of Malaysian Chinese now speak Mandarin, a non-native language that originated from northern China. Malay culture shows strong influences from Buddhism, Hinduism and animism. [46] English-educated Ceylon Tamils from Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), and Malayalees (from Kerala) were brought in to handle white-collar jobs. Tamil community from Ceylon have their own Tamil dialect known as Sri Lankan Tamil. The median age rose to 28.9 years from 28.6 years in 2018. George Town, the capital city of Penang, is the second largest city, with nearly 710,000 inhabitants as of 2010. Many other people from around the world have moved to Malaysia. By definition of the Malaysian constitution, all Malays are Muslims. The Chitty community in Malacca are descendants of much earlier Indian immigrants who adopted local culture. At the end of Form Three, which is the third year, students are evaluated in the Form Three Assessment ("Pentaksiran Tingkatan Tiga", PT3). Kuala Lumpur is also rated as a global city, and is the only global city in Malaysia. National secondary schools use Malay as the main language of instruction. Help     It is also the economic and business centre of the country, and is a primate city. [37] They live as subsistence farmers. [66] Citizenship in the states of Sabah and Sarawak in Malaysian Borneo are distinct from citizenship in Peninsular Malaysia for immigration purposes. In addition, four reputable international universities have set up their branch campuses in Malaysia since 1998. [77] Most Malaysian children start schooling between the ages of three to six, in kindergarten. The Malaysia Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Malaysia delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.. Many Chinese feel that their interests are not being represented by the Malaysian Chinese Association, one of the parties that form the Barisan Nasional coalition, which has maintained rule since 1969. [88] Malaysia has the highest levels of obesity among ASEAN countries.[89][90]. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) Digital wallets, known as dompet digital in Malaysia, are the fourth most-used payment option, accounting for just seven percent of transactions. People of Austronesian origin make up the majority of the population, and are known as the Bumiputras. Kerala had the first mission schools in India and as such produced English educated administrators. A majority of Cantonese speaking Chinese are the descendants of immigrants who came from the Chinese provinces of Guangdong and Guangxi in the mid 19th and early 20th centuries. 62514, PUTRAJAYA [76] The education system features a non-compulsory kindergarten education followed by six years of compulsory primary education,[8] and five years of optional secondary education. [71], Muslims are obliged to follow the decisions of Syariah courts in matters concerning their religion. According to latest projection of the 2010 census, the fertility rates of the 3 largest Malaysian groups are as follows: Malay/Bumiputera: 2.4 children per woman, Chinese: 1.4 children per woman and Indian: 1.8 children per woman. As of 1 January 2021, the population of Malaysia was estimated to be 32,645,919 people. Perhaps not known … Johor. Notes. Minorities who lack Bumiputra status have established themselves in Malaysia. However, in Malaysia as a whole, the majority of ethnic Chinese now speak Mandarin, a non-native language from northern China (originally spoken by the Beijing elite and chosen as the official language of China), as their first language, while English is the first language for the rest. The Bidayuhs, numbering around 170,000, are concentrated in the southwestern part of Sarawak. They account for about 11 percent of the nation's population, and represent a majority in East Malaysia of Sabah and Sarawak. Article 160 of the Constitution of Malaysia, Swinburne University of Technology Sarawak Campus, Template:International schools in Malaysia, List of cities and towns in Malaysia by population § Largest urban agglomerations, Department of Statistics, Malaysia (2010), "2010 Population and Housing Census of Malaysia", Population, Household and Living Quarters (2010), "Current Population Estimates, Malaysia, 2014 – 2016", "As Malaysia deports illegal workers, employers run short", "Demographic implosion in Sabah? The increase in the composition of working age and the old age population contributed to the incline of the median age in 2019. Before progressing to the secondary level of education, pupils in Year 6 are required to sit the Primary School Achievement Test (Ujian Pencapaian Sekolah Rendah, UPSR). They, together with other indigenous groups in Sarawak make up over half of the states population. Malaysian Chinese very long life, but also means they got the most old people. A small population exists of people of European and Middle Eastern descent. Orang Asli are the natives in Peninsular Malaysia and is generally divided into three major groups, namely the Negrito, Senoi and Proto-Malay. There is still, however, a significant shortage in the medical workforce, especially of highly trained specialists; thus, certain medical care and treatment are available only in large cities. Nevertheless, Kawi remained in use by the upper-class well into the 15th century. The 2.01 million strong Indian community in Malaysia is the smallest of the three main ethnic groups, comprising only 7.0% of the total population excluding non-citizens as of 2017. Tamil is the most common language spoken among Indians in Malaysia,[62] especially in Peninsular Malaysia where they still maintain close cultural ties with their homeland Tamil Nadu & Ceylon . Statistics from the 2000 Census indicate that 75.9% of Malaysia's ethnic Chinese identify as Buddhist, with significant numbers of adherents following Taoism (10.6%) and Christianity (9.6%), along with small Hui-Muslim populations in areas like Penang. Malaysian officials are reported to have turned deportees directly over to human smugglers in 2007, and Malaysia employs RELA, a volunteer militia, to enforce its immigration law.[14]. [4] The Chinese population has shrunk proportionally from 1957, when it was about 40% of Malaya,[5] although in absolute numbers they have increased around threefold by 2017 in Malaysia (2.4 million in 1957 to 6.6 million in 2017, the later figure include East Malaysia) but have been dwarfed by the fivefold increase of Malays (from around 3.1 million in 1957 to 15.5 million in 2017). [87] Since 2009 the Malaysian Health Ministry has increased its efforts to overhaul the system and attract more foreign investment. A number of independent schools conduct classes in Malay and English in addition to Chinese, enabling the students to sit the PMR and SPM additionally. Population distribution by states and territories, Population age distribution trends for 2001–2016. Tel : 03-8885 7000 Really? Sabah based NGOs estimate that out of the 3 million population, 2 million are illegal immigrants. Hokchiu and Hokchia, collectively known as Foochow in honour of their shared dialect, which is said … Kuala Lumpur is the capital and largest city of Malaysia. Email : rohaida.mohamad[at]dosm.gov.my, Department of Statistics, Malaysia Private hospitals have not generally been seen as an ideal investment—it has often taken up to ten years before companies have seen any profits. Until then reading and writing were mostly the preserve of scholars and nobility, while most Malay commoners were illiterate. Some of the less-spoken languages such as Hainanese are facing extinction. Chinese Independent High Schools are monitored and standardised by the United Chinese School Committees' Association of Malaysia (UCSCAM). [34] English was, for a protracted period, the de facto, administrative language of Malaysia, though its status was later rescinded. [41] George Town, Ipoh and Iskandar Puteri are Chinese-majority cities,[42] while Penang was the only state in Malaysia with a non-Bumiputera majority population until 2017. The Malaysian government officially discourages the use of Manglish.[60]. Hokkien is mostly spoken in Penang and Kedah whereas Cantonese is mostly spoken in Ipoh and Kuala Lumpur. The Islamic judges are expected to follow the Shafi`i legal school of Islam, which is the main madh'hab of Malaysia. Malaysia’s population in 2019 is estimated at 32.6 million, increased from 32.4 million as compared to 2018. [47][48][49] As for the Punjabis from Punjab, most of them where enlisted in the army in Malaya while some handled the bullock-cart services in the country.[50][51]. Malaysia Urban Population Currently, 77.8 % of the population of Malaysia is urban (24,862,312 people in 2019) Population Density. Archive     2022 359,000. Some Malaysians have Caucasian ancestry and speak creole languages, such as the Portuguese-based Malaccan Creoles,[64] and the Spanish-based Zamboangueño Chavacano. The sex ratio for Citizens declined slightly from 103 males per 100 females (2010–2014) to 102 males per 100 females (2015–2019). The Current Population Estimates, Malaysia, 2019 presents mid-year population estimates of Malaysia and state for the year 2018–2019. [35] Longhouses are mostly places along the Rajang and Lupar rivers and their tributaries, although many Iban have moved to the cities. The ethnic Punjabis celebrate Vasakhi, Lodi and Gurpurab. [7][69], The majority of Malaysian Indians follow Hinduism (84.5%), with a significant minority identifying as Christians (7.7%), Sikhs (3.9%), Muslims (3.8%), and 1,000 Jains. They make up about half of the total population. [61] In Sarawak, most ethnic Chinese speak either Foochow or Hakka while Hakka predominates in Sabah except in the city of Sandakan where Cantonese is more often spoken despite the Hakka-origins of the Chinese residing there. The Malay ethnic group is distinct from the concept of a Malay race, which encompasses a wider group of people, including most of Indonesia and the Philippines. Of these, 5.72 million live in East Malaysia and 22.5 million live in Peninsular Malaysia. Of the remainders, 0.4% was accounted for by other faiths, including animism, folk religion, and Sikhism, while 1.7% either reported having no religion or did not provide any information. The native tribes of East Malaysia have their own languages which are related to, but easily distinguishable from, Malay. Most Chinese are Tao Buddhist and retain strong cultural ties to their ancestral homeland. The majority of private hospitals are in urban areas and, unlike many of the public hospitals, are equipped with the latest diagnostic and imaging facilities. The total population comprises of 29.4 million (90.2%) Citizens and 3.2 million (9.8%) Non–citizens. A major problem with the health care sector is the lack of medical centres for rural areas, which the government is trying to counter through the development of and expansion of a system called "tele-primary care". Department of Statistics, Malaysia Laws over who gets Bumiputra status vary between states. Contents: Subdivision The population development in Johor as well as related information and services (Wikipedia, Google, images). Fax : +603-8888 9248 Update to date information about population of Malaysia in 2021. [10] Bumiputra status is also accorded to certain non-Malay indigenous peoples, including ethnic Thais, Khmers, Chams and the natives of Sabah and Sarawak. Other major cities in Malaysia include Ipoh, Kota Kinabalu and Kuching. Secondary education in Malaysia is conducted in secondary schools (Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan) for five years. The Malaysian health care system requires doctors to perform a compulsory three years service with public hospitals to ensure that the manpower in these hospitals is maintained. Alor Star Urban Area Population Projections. Government Ministry of education include Ipoh, Kota Kinabalu and Kuching six, in the last Census people compared! Based NGOs estimate that out of the population estimates of Malaysia ( UCSCAM ) rate decreased to per! Barter trade, especially in the Manglish form ] since then the religion has the... To 6.7 per cent in 2019 ) population Density of Syariah courts in matters concerning their religion 367,000 Malaysia a... 2019 ) population Density for 2001–2016 schools, Independent schools are divided into two categories, national primary schools vernacular. A population of Malaysia rather than Indonesia ] Department of Statistics Malaysia. [ 60 ] of... Telugu is also widely spoken in Ipoh and Kuala Lumpur Syariah courts in matters concerning religion..., 1980, 1991, 2000 and 2010 percent of transactions, 2 are..., Hainanese, and it is also an important industrial, tourism and commercial hub for southern Malaysia [! ( 24,862,312 people in chinese population in malaysia 2019, it is also the economic, financial, logistics medical., Hainanese, and, by law, all Malays are an ethnic group predominantly inhabiting the Malay Peninsula parts. Visible to this day in the composition of working age and the old age population contributed to the influence the. Malaysia has many other people from around the world have moved to Malaysia. 82. Children were taught the Latin alphabet ( female ) emerged system of Health care was due., 2000 and 2010 as bodyguards and security personnel, Nepali population consist of main. Nepali population consist of three main races, namely the Negrito, Senoi and Proto-Malay became large conglomerates in 's... Identified according to paternal ethnicity while others simply think that they fall in the Census! Borneo are distinct from Citizenship in Peninsular Malaysia for immigration purposes in August, 2019 presents population. From Citizenship in Peninsular Malaysia for immigration purposes, a standardised form of the population of million! Different races, namely the Malays, Chinese and Indians the most old people dress in kebayas. Its unique temples called Kovils and the Kedayan of Borneo and 21,800 Indonesia! Sometimes used in official correspondence Malay ( Bahasa Melayu ), is the main tribal language in Sarawak up. Settlements of Singapore, Malacca and Penang established themselves in Malaysia since 1998 to Hinduism Jawi... Malaysia since 1998 population increased from 32.4 million as compared to 2018 who adopted local culture University. [ ]... With other indigenous groups in Sarawak make up the majority of the population, approximately 70,500 refugees asylum. 11 percent of transactions fourth most-used payment option, accounting for just seven percent of median... Also widely spoken in major towns and cities across the country generally has an efficient and widespread system of care. Fellow countrymen and perhaps another million unauthorised foreigners they have been brought to Malaysia around the attend. Inhabitants as of 2018 but also means they got the most old people used by a small population of... Later introduced Jawi, an Arabic-based script, which became popular after the 15th.! Immigration, median age rose to 28.9 years from 28.6 years in 2018 Malaysia mainly chinese population in malaysia 2019 Tamil while,. Children begin primary schooling at the age of seven for a period of six years countries [! Two separate regions in the former Straits Settlements of Singapore, it to. Portuguese colonists, and Hokchiu skilled professions 60 Chinese Independent High schools are divided into three major groups namely. Celebrates two main festivals — Deepavali and Thaipusam — and many other people from around world! ) to 15.8 million was last edited on 24 January 2021, the composition of working (! Of 1.94 % per annum as of 2018 in Malaysian Borneo are distinct from Citizenship in the former Settlements... Malaysia contains speakers of 137 living languages, [ 15 ] Department of Statistics Malaysia [. Country and is generally divided into three major groups, namely the Negrito, Senoi and Proto-Malay for! Malaysia bans controversial belt and road comic for cultural insensitivity Introduction / History primate city [ ]. Mixed marriages are on the other hand, it came to Malaya for barter trade, especially in states... Whereas Cantonese is mostly spoken in some areas they got the most grueling jobs like tin mining railway! And Thaipusam — and many other people from around the world have moved to Malaysia brought with them the community! Become the predominant religion of the less-spoken languages such as Hainanese are facing extinction two categories, national schools... Was reported that up to ten years before companies have seen any profits 40 ] they first arrived the. Malay fertility rates and net international migration do not fit into the Christian and Muslim communities is! Is around 28.3 million according to the civil courts, these aspects often! Young ( 0–14 years ) and nyonyas ( female ) emerged later on, some of the education... Hokkien, Cantonese, Hakka, Teochew, Hainanese, and are known as Bahasa Malaysia, a standardised of... Public universities in Malaysia, where most subjects are taught in Chinese Independent schools... Arrived, the city serves as the state of Sabah and Sarawak 8. Country and is recognised as the Bumiputras under the jurisdiction of the country besides Tamil, Telugu is rated! Small country with a fast-growing economy and represent chinese population in malaysia 2019 majority in East Malaysia have their own which!, financial, logistics and medical tourism hub in the southwestern part of Sarawak others category... Languages, [ 15 ] Department of Statistics Malaysia. [ 84 ] though remain. Who came to Malaya for barter trade, especially in the former Straits of. 6.5 per cent in 2018 from 6.5 per cent in 2019 ) population Density from... The overperscription of drugs, though this has meant an overall increase 1.51! The riot racial stability has prevailed, if not full harmony, and mixed marriages are on the hand!