Share the story of this animal with others. Loss of habitat to development is considered to be the main factor leading to the decline of the species. Beach mice live 9 months to a year in the wild. Smithsonian’s National Zoo & Conservation Biology Institute 3001 Connecticut Ave., NW Washington, DC 20008, PO Box 37012 They weigh 13 grams. Numbering less than 40 after the storms, the mice have regenerated with current population estimates near 500. The critically endangered Perdido Key Beach Mouse is a rare yet important part of the dune communities of the national seashore. They spend their days trying to avoid coyotes, feral pigs, deer, armadillos and alligators all of whom are looking for them for their next meal. The Developer reserves the right to make modifications and changes at its sole and absolute discretion. Great for large family vacations, our Perdido Key beach house rentals offer on and off beach experiences and the comfort and space of a full size house. Fact: All animals and plants are given a species name based on a technical term in biological taxnomy. Try one of our Lost Key Villas. We present Act 1 of this fascinating tale of the human efforts to pull the Perdido Key Beach Mouse from the teeth of extinction. The adult female mice are slightly larger than males. Also called the oilfield mouse, the beach mouse is a rodent that belongs to the family Crecitidae. Habitat . 'Little Beach Mouse from the South' is a story of how the Perdido Key Beach Mouse was almost lost. With two parking areas and eight covered pavilions, Perdido Key State Park is a perfect place to bring the family for a picnic lunch, while enjoying the gentle breezes off the Gulf of Mexico. First, sea level rise is a grave impending threat to the beach mouse’s island habitat. Mating among beach mice peaks in the winter but continues year-round. The Perdido Key beach mouse explores the dunes and beaches of the area at night. The town has a mayor/city council form of government. The back ranges from grey … Perdido Key is home to several world-renowned parks such as Johnson Beach at Gulf Islands National Seashore, Perdido Key State Park, and Big Lagoon State Park. Posted Tuesday, December 10, 2019 9:11 am. Dune plants are the primary source of food for the species. Habitat loss is due mostly to coastal development and hurricanes. Mouse burrows are usually located in the dunes at the base of a shrub, clump of grass or near some vegetated cover. It is found on Perdido Key, Florida. Unlike other rodents they shun people and will not eat or be near trash. These mice are 2.7 to 3.3 inches long, excluding the tail. There are eight subspecies of beach mice, five of which live along the Gulf Coast. Be a responsible cat owner, and keep cats indoors or under restraint when outside. Even when our gates are closed, we are still here, working as always to save species. Perdido Key beach mice have small bodies, hairy tails, large ears and big eyes. Intro Nature Films. The Perdido Key beach mouse is a nocturnal animal, spending most daylight hours in their burrows. Today's #SavingSpecies segment focuses on some tiny mice with a HUGE ecosystem impact. By becoming a member, you'll help the Zoo save species and get great benefits for you and your family each time you visit! Manager's Message. The beach mouse survives in dunes and open scrub along the beach and feeds primarily on seeds and insects. The Perdido Key beach mouse relies exclusively on sand dune habitat vegetated by sea oats. Find resources to engage learners in grades preK-12 with science, the natural world, wildlife and conservation. Their bodies are grayish fawn to wood brown with a very pale-yellow hue. Females are capable of breeding again as soon as 24 hours after giving birth. View 119 homes for sale in Perdido Key, take real estate virtual tours & browse MLS listings in Pensacola, FL at realtor.com®. Motorists may suffer a few traffic delays along Perdido Key Drive next month in the name of making life easier for endangered beach mice. The county bought the … Artist Rendering. Beach mice endemic to coastal sand beaches are usually white in color. Concerns for feral cats upends Orange Beach vote on Perdido Key Beach Mouse Habitat Conservation. The Perdido Key beach mouse (Peromyscus polionotus trissyllepsis) is an endangered subspecies of the oldfield mouse. Big Lagoon State Park, just across the bridge on the mainland of Perdido Key, is available for camping and hiking. Offspring are weaned 18 days after birth and reach sexual maturity around 30 days old. The burrow itself consists of an entrance, a nest cavity, and an escape tube which is closed off but near the surface of the sand. Don't forget our special animals this holiday season! Throughout the night, the mice make several trips to and from their burrows gathering seeds to store. Perdido Key beach mice have been federally protected under the Endangered Species Act since 1985. Conserving beach mouse habitat helps sea turtles, shorebirds and other coastal species. Adopt a red panda to give the perfect gift to the animal lover in your life — even if that animal lover is you! Hurricanes have also taken their toll on the mouse. Perdido Key beach mice are primarily nocturnal, spending the daylight hours in burrows. Those living mostly … The Alabama beach mouse was historically found throughout the dunes of Fort Morgan to Alabama Point, though its range is greatly reduced. Beach mice are monogamous and pair for life, which is unusual among mammals of which only about 3 percent are monogamous. By Melanie LeCroy. A typical beach mouse pair averages 3–4 offspring per litter and has roughly 3 litters per year. Beach mice are found along the Gulf and Atlantic coasts in some of the prime habitat also sought out by tourists and resorts. The Perdido Key beach mouse, also known as the Florida beach mouse, has a small body, haired tail, relatively large ears, and protuberant eyes. Perdido Key beach mice typically live for nine months to a year. The Perdido Key Beach Mouse is a federally listed endangered species that only resides in the dunes of Perdido Key, a small island located near Pensacola. The species name consists of two words and is based on Latin. Perdido Key Beach House Rentals. Perdido Key Beach mice, like you and me, love the beach. The Perdido Key beach mouse was listed as an endangered species in 1985. Washington, DC 20013. Much like the black-footed ferret program, zoos assist U.S. Animal type: T_MAMMAL. The small white and gray mouse, weighing only 13–16 g (0.46–0.56 oz), blends in well with the white quartz sand of northern Gulf coast beaches. And that’s the problem. These mice often maintain multiple burrows within a home range that averages 5,000 square meters. https://web.archive.org/web/20070212161322/http://www.fws.gov/endangered/i/a/saa8f.html, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Perdido_Key_beach_mouse&oldid=948220405, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 March 2020, at 20:18. Their homes occupy the same coveted barrier island that draws droves of vacationers, retirees and second-home buyers. [1] It feeds primarily on the seeds of sea oats and bluestem, but will occasionally eat insects. Living with Beach Mice Their bodies are grayish fawn to wood brown with a very pale-yellow hue. When left uneaten, seeds stored by these tiny rodents may grow into adult plants that help stabilize the dunes in which they are buried. In contrast to its inland relatives, the Perdido Key beach mouse avoids humans, buildings and trash, instead preferring to meander among the dunes near its burrow. The county had previously said the lot could be open as early as this month. "Perdido" means "lost" in Spanish. Perdido Key beach mice are protected as an endangered species by the Endangered Species Act and as a federally designated endangered species by Florida's Endangered and Threatened Species Rule. It weighs an average of about 17 grams (0.5 pounds). While populations appear to be growing, the mouse will probably never be delisted because of continued habitat loss and degradation. Sea oats make up a large part of their diet, but they also feed on other seasonally available dune plant seeds, such as bluestem, ground cherry, evening primrose, beach pea and dune spurge. As the program grows, retired breeders are also used for education and as ambassador animals. The fur, called pelage, is distinctive. Perdido Key is home to more than white sand beaches and stunning views of the Gulf of Mexico. Now more than ever, we need your support. Hurricanes have also taken their toll on the endangered mouse. These small-bodied mice have hairy tails with large ears and eyes compared to their body. What is exemplified by the physical location where the Perdido Key beach mouse, a small camouflaged rodent, is found in the coastal dunes vegetated by sea oats, bunch grass, palmetto, cordgrass, salt grass, and pennywort on the western tip of Perdido Key at Gulf State Park in Alabama? Support organizations like the Smithsonian’s National Zoo and Conservation Biology Institute that research better ways to protect and care for this animal and other endangered species. In fact, the National Seashore and state parks encompass 65% of … Plan Your Visit. The biologists at Gulf Islands National Seashore in partnership with FWC, track populations of beach mice every year to track the mouse population on park lands and to determine which specific areas are most frequented by the Perdido Key Beach Mouse. The small white and gray mouse, weighing only 13–16 g (0.46–0.56 oz), blends in well with the white quartz sand of northern Gulf coast beaches. Never release animals that have been kept as pets into the wild. Simply raising awareness about this species can contribute to its overall protection. It is up to 5 inches long with a tail of up to 2 inches long. Perdido Key, Florida is located on a thin strip of land in the northwest corner of the panhandle. Beach mice are monogamous and pair for life. Fish and Wildlife Service by housing and breeding these animals for reintroduction. As an endangered sub-species endemic to an island, the Perdido Key beach mouse faces substantial threats related to climate change. Both NM meadow jumping mouse and Preble’s meadow jumping mouse are habitat specialists that need riparian areas – habitats that are severely threatened by droughts and water use. Perdido Key's Luxury Beachfront Living Experience. In April 1986, the endangered Perdido Key beach mouse (Peromyscus polionotus trissyllepsis) existed only as a small population of less than 30 animals on the western end of Perdido Key at Gulf State Park, Alabama This population was vulnerable to extinction from a variety of causes. Their tails measure 1.7 to 2.5 inches. If an intruder, such as a snake or crab, enters a beach mouse burrow, mice make a hasty retreat out the escape tube. We hope you will join us in this important work. Perdido Key beach mice have small bodies, hairy tails, large ears and big eyes. Climate Impacts. “Alteration and destruction of habitat for recreational, commercial and residential development has been a major factor in the decline of beac… The species was listed as an endangered species in 1985. Making a list and checking it twice? The giant kangaroo rat is the largest of all 20 known species of kangaroo rat, and it is found only in … The U.S. FWS's Threatened & Endangered Species System track information about listed species in the United States Species Profile This small mouse forages mostly on seeds and fruits of dune plants and occupies multiple burrows in the sands of a 15-mile island on the Gulf coast. They may be tiny; but their impact on the Key is big. Perdido Beach is located in southern Baldwin County in the southwest corner of the state on Perdido Bay across from Perdido Key, Florida. It is found on Perdido Key, Florida. The small white and gray mouse, weighing only 13–16 g (0.46–0.56 oz), blends in well with the white quartz sand of northern Gulf coast beaches. Species name: Peromyscus polionotus trissyllepsis. In the never-ending development-versus-conservation tussle, the mouse seemed destined to lose. As a public health precaution due to COVID-19, all Smithsonian museums will temporarily close. They can live up to six years in human care. They typically live in sparsely vegetated dunes just above the high-tide line and more densely vegetated dunes farther inland. The belly, feet, and head are white, and the tail is white to greyish-brown. Subcategory: sm_mammal . The beach mouse population at Perdido Key was nearly made extinct in the mid-1990s when hurricanes Erin and Opal ravaged the key's beaches. Beach mouse:Tiny Perdido Key Beach Mouse a big problem for developers. Its upper parts are colored grayish-fawn to wood-brown with a very pale yellow hue and an indistinct middorsal stripe. The Perdido Key beach mouse (Peromyscus polionotus trissyllepsis) is an endangered subspecies of the oldfield mouse. Pregnant females may weigh more than this. Perdido Key State Park is open for day use from 8 a.m. to sunset. History Perdido BeachDuring the colonial period, Perdido Bay and Perdido River were used … Their populations are also at risk from introduced predators, such as domestic cats and red foxes. Identification. Loss of habitat to development is considered to be the main factor which led to the decline of the species. MRC 5516 They also receive fruit and mealworms as enrichment. The park is home to several threatened and endangered species, such as the Perdido Key Beach Mouse, nesting shorebirds and nesting sea turtles. Habitats: Coastal Uplands. Found only on a small island off between Florida and Alabama, the endangered Perdido Key beach mouse is essential to the integrity of its coastal ecosystem. They each have their own distinctions and play a role in the coastal ecosystem that has been around for hundreds of years. They have small bodies, hairy tails, relatively large ears and protuberant eyes. The Perdido Key beach mouse and the Alabama beach mouse are two of the continent's rarest animals and both decided to make roots in Alabama. Perdido Key beach mice are a critically endangered subspecies of oldfield mice. A meeting to wrap up nearly a decade of work to streamline building permits in Orange Beach while protecting native habitats erupted when audience members questioned how predatory animals such as cats would be handled … Educational Activities You Can Do at Home, About the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, A Look Back At Panda Cub Xiao Qi Ji's Exciting November. Beach mice have specific habitat needs, which are threatened by human development that destroys dune habitat and limits food resources. Unlike many species, beach mice are monogamous, with mated pairs tending to remain together as long as both live. Numbering less than 40 after … There are eight subspecies of beach mice, five of which live along the Gulf Coast. Renderings, photos, and other materials are representational and may not be totally accurate. Consider. The Perdido Key beach mouse is a subspecies of the small old-field mouse that can reach lengths of up to 5.5 inches (14 centimeters) and a tail length of two inches (five … Name of animal-plant: Perdido Key beach mouse. Beach mice inhabit frontal and scrub dunes along the coast of Florida and Alabama. Its head and body length is 2.7-3.3 in (6.8-8.4 cm), plus a tail of 1.7-2.5 in (4.3-5.1 cm). Make your way onto the nice list and give today. The beach mouse population at Perdido Key was nearly eliminated in the mid-1990s when hurricanes Erin and Opal ravaged Perdido Key. Seeking direct access to our beautiful gulf coast beaches? The endangered Perdido Key beach mouse is named for the town. Gestation totals 23 days, and the female gives birth to up to four pups per litter. It is found on Perdido Key, Florida. At the Smithsonian's National Zoo, beach mice eat rodent chow and seeds. The color of the fur coat may vary depending on the area it lives in. The white of the underparts reaches to the lower border of the eyes and ears, and the tail is white to pale grayish brown with … The Perdido Key beach mouse (Peromyscus polionotus trissyllepsis) is an endangered subspecies of the oldfield mouse. Breeding peaks during the winter months but can occur throughout the year if food is readily available. The Smithsonian's National Zoo is the first zoo outside of Florida to house this species. All subspecies of beach mice, with the exception of the Santa Rosa beach mouse, are state and federally protected. In addition to nesting sea turtles, a variety of shorebirds, Perdido Key is the only home of the Perdido Key Beach Mouse. The information herein is not intended to create a contract between the Developer and any prospective buyer. They use their burrows for sleeping, nesting, feeding, caching seeds and escaping from predators. You’ll find white-sand dune beaches, tranquil Gulf water, and the Perdido Key State Park all within reach of your luxury vacation rental. Pe Beach mice emerge from their burrows at night to forage on the seeds and fruits of beach plants, as well as on insects. I thought the Uncle Tom traitor Charles Entertainment Cheese had finally awoken to his bondage when he went broke last year. We are not announcing a reopening date at this time and will provide updates on our websites and social media. Want a private beach club, resort pools & amenities and easy access to golf? Their bodies are grayish fawn to wood brown with a … Learn. The Perdido Key beach mouse is a small rodent with average body length ranging from 4.5 to 5.5 inches (115 to 140 millimeters); it typically weighs around a half an ounce (10 to 15 grams). Be delisted because of continued habitat loss is due mostly to coastal sand are! 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