In especially impactful years, as occurred in 1982-1983, 1997-1998, and 2015-2017,[28] El Nino causes heavy rainfall in coastal northern Peru in what is a desert that rarely receives any rain at all. The Sechura Desert is in northern Peru. Junín Lima, Peru - Travel and vacation weather averages, current conditions and forecasts. Even in the driest month there is a lot of rain. Iquitos weather conditions, average/minimum/maximum temperature, humidity variation graphs. Elevations above sea level in the country range from −37 metres (−121 ft) to 6,788 metres (22,270 ft) and precipitation ranges from less than 20 millimetres (0.79 in) annually to more than 8,000 millimetres (310 in). Iquitos free weather widget (free script for your website or blog). Ocean temperatures on the coast of Peru increase by as much as 3 °C (5 °F) during the Austral summer, beginning about Christmas, the name El Niño referring to the birth of Jesus. Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. Cuzco, Peru average weather: temperature, rainfall, global warming, snowfall, sunrise & sunset. Chosica, 50 kilometres (31 mi) inland from the Pacific at an elevation of 835 metres (2,740 ft) gets 109 millimetres (4.3 in) annually of precipitation compared to Lima's precipitation of 16 millimetres (0.63 in). [8] As a result of the fog, Lima gets only 1230 hours of sunshine annually, and less that 50 hours each in the months of July, Aug, and Sept.[9] (By contrast, Seattle, Washington, not noted for its sunny weather, gets 2,170 hours of sunshine annually[10] and "foggy London town" gets 1,618 hours of sunshine annually. ... To see the daily range of temperatures have a look at the temperature max / min chart below. Trujillo There are three main climatic regions: the Pacific Ocean coast is one of the driest deserts in the world but with some unique features; the high Andes mountains have a variety of microclimates depending on elevation and exposure and with temperatures and precipitation from temperate to polar and wet to dry; and the Amazon Basin has tropical climates, mostly with abundant precipitation, along with sub-tropical climates in elevations above 1,550 metres (5,090 ft). 22 - Sept. 22 Spring: Sept. 23 - Dec. 21. Annual Weather Averages Near Lima. The true tropical rainforest (Af) climate requires at least 60 millimetres (2.4 in) precipitation in all months of the year. Climate charts and tables. Monthly temperature, precipitation and hours of sunshine. [1], The following table summarizes climatic statistics for cities in the north, central, and southern parts of the coastal desert, A characteristic of the Peruvian coastal desert is low average temperatures despite its tropical latitudes. A few locations at elevations similar to Oxapampa have a pronounced dry season and are classified as Cwb (sub-tropical with a dry winter), rather than Cfb.[26][4]. In winter, there is much less rainfall than in summer. Moquegua Travel and vacation weather information for your holiday journey from Weatherbase. Callao This location is classified as Cfb by Köppen and Geiger. San Martín Precipitation in Peru increased to 151.34 mm in December from 99.12 mm in November of 2015. Read about how we use cookies. The weather in Peru varies according to area – the changes in altitude are so extreme that the climate goes from freezing snow in the mountains to boiling sun on the coast. Climate data and weather averages in Iquitos. Constitution of Peru Summary: On December 16, 2019, a group of Peruvian youth filed suit against Peru, alleging that the government has taken insufficient action to address climate change. Climate and Average Weather in Peru. In general the western slopes of the Andres, facing the Pacific Ocean, are drier than the eastern slopes. Includes monthly temperatures, rainfall, hours of sunshine and relative humidity ... To see the daily range of temperatures have a look at the temperature max / min chart below. Places with a similar climate: Isla De Pascua (Chile), Trujillo, Pisco. In the tropics the average annual temperature is usually at least 25 °C (77 °F) with little temperature variation among months. The city of Puno at that elevation has snow 14 days per year on average and it has snowed in every month of the year except November. The climate in Caral is called a desert climate. The common precipitation regime of the Andes is a rainy Austral summer season from October to April and a dry Austral winter from May to September. [5][6], The cold waters of the Humboldt Current also create a moist fog called garúa in Peru. In a year, the rainfall is 1408 mm | 55.4 inch. On the coast winter lasts from June to September. [33], sfn error: no target: CITEREF"Peru_Climate" (, Rundel, P. W., Dillion, M.O., Palma, B., Mooney, H.A., Gulmon, S. L., and Ehleringer, J. R., "The Phytogeography and Ecology of the Coastal Atacama and Peruvian Deserts," In, Pozorski, Shelia and Pozorski, Thomas, (2006a), Dillon, Michael O., "The Solanaceae of the Lomas Formations of Coastal Peru and Chile," www.sacha.org/solanaceae/lomas_solanaceae.pdf, accessed 17 Jul 2017, "South America, Site SA42, Lomas Formations, Peru". Machu Picchu has a subtropical highland type of climate (Köppen climate classification Cwb) with wet and humid summers and dry and frosty winters. The selva region is sparsely populated and only partially explored. The climate here is classified as Cfb by the Köppen-Geiger system. Average rainfall & rainy days. [29], Climatic statistics cited in this article are for the period 1982-2012 and may become inaccurate in the future because of climate change and global warming. The presence in the Cordillera of communal Andes and his abrupt geography that Peruvian one country with one o'clock large diversity Many of its inhabitants live at elevations above 10,000 feet. The temperature here averages 18.4 °C | 65.1 °F. During the Austral winter, the trade winds blow thick stratus clouds inland over coastal areas up to an elevation of 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) and the dense fog coalesces into drizzle and mist. Climate of Peru describes the diverse climates of this large South American country with an area of 1,285,216 km (496,225 sq mi). In Caral, there is virtually no rainfall during the year. Chachapoyas. Chiclayo Machu Picchu is an old citadel of the historical Inca Empire, which lies in Southern Peru's Cusco Region, in the Eastern Cordillera mountain ridge, above the Sacred Valley. The desert strip along the Pacific is narrow, at its widest about 120 km (75 mi) before the land climbs into the Andes and precipitation increases with elevation. Piura Cusco Includes monthly temperatures, rainfall, hours of sunshine and relative humidity. Iquitos current conditions, weather forecast and climate chart (temperature and humidity). In a year, the rainfall is 1411 mm | 55.6 inch. Please also visit Lima Historical Weather, Weather widget and Weather Charts pages. 21 Winter: Jun. The warm phase, El Niño, occurs every two to seven years. This page includes a chart with historical data for Peru Average Temperature. Three names are sometimes applied to the desert in different parts of the coastline. The climate in Chachapoyas is warm and temperate. Sea level is projected to rise by 50 centimetres (20 in) by 2100. Ilo Ocean water temperatures in Lima in September, the coldest month, are as low as 14.4 °C (57.9 °F) similar to water temperatures near Los Angeles during its winter months. Text weather page will allow you to get a weather text summary for next 14 days and weather chart page displays weather pattern like temperature, wind speed, gust, pressure, etc. In Caral, the average annual temperature is 18.6 °C | 65.5 °F. The following table summarizes climatic statistics for cities in the Andes mountain region. Lima's climate is a mild desert climate with no extreme hot or cold weather. Huancavelica "[14] Peru has more than 40 lomas totalling in area less than 2,000 square kilometres (770 sq mi) out of a total coastal desert area of 144,000 square kilometres (56,000 sq mi). Temperature in Peru decreased to 20.78 celsius in December from 21.07 celsius in November of 2015. 22 - Jun. Chimbote Peru Weather, climate and geography Weather and climate Best time to visit. Pucallpa (Am) has only one month that falls below that threshold; Puerto Esperanza (Aw) has three months below the Af threshold. [3][4] The relatively low temperatures of the Peruvian coastal desert are caused by the cold Humboldt Current. Floods and landslides (huaycos) are the consequence; the warm water negatively impacts fishing; and the southern Andes of Peru suffer reduced precipitation. Climate . Piura [27], El Niño (the "boy child") and La Niña (the "girl child") are the manifestations of the El Niño–Southern Oscillation which influences weather around the world, but especially near the coasts of northern Peru and southern Ecuador. Peruvian Instituto Geografico Militar 1:100, 000 map series published in Lima, various dates from 1950's to present, Sheets 18-h, 19-h, 19-i, 20-i, 21-j, 27-q, 28-t, 28-u, 30-y, 31-q, 32-q, 32-s and 33-s cover the 6000m peaks of Peru. Loreto Chachapoyas has a significant amount of rainfall during the year. The steep slopes and the sharp changes in elevation result in a large number of microclimates in which a change of location of a few kilometres can result in major climatic changes. Talara El Niño brings warmer and sunnier weather to the coasts of Peru than normal. Temperatures become cooler with elevation and around 1,550 metres (5,090 ft) elevation the climate becomes sub-tropical rather than tropical, a climate often characterized as "eternal spring." For example, Lima has an average humidity of 84 percent, more than double the average humidity of most deserts. Latitude=-12, Longitude=-77.12 Lambayeque This location is classified as BWh by Köppen and Geiger. Arequipa, at 2,380m in the Andes in the south of Peru, has a subtropical highland climate that is warm year round. The Sechura desert in the north is warmer and less impacted by the cloud cover that characterizes the more southern parts of the coastal desert, but there is a uniformity in precipitation along the 1,000 mile coastline with less than 30 millimetres (1.2 in) annually. Huánuco The average temperature in Chachapoyas is 15.6 °C | 60.1 °F. Puno Read about how we use cookies. [15], The chain of mountains called the Andes, comprising 34 percent of the national territory, runs the length of Peru, a narrow 80 kilometres (50 mi) wide at the Ecuadorian border in the north and 350 kilometres (220 mi) wide in the south along the border with Bolivia. [30] Average annual temperatures rose by 1 °C (1.8 °F) from 1960 until 2016 and are predicted to increase by an additional 2 °C (3.6 °F) to 3 °C (5.4 °F) by 2065. Precipitation in Peru averaged 129.10 mm from 1901 until 2015, reaching an all time high of 345.49 mm in March of 2001 and a record low of 15.28 mm in August of 1948. Ucayali, Lima Average monthly temperatures and weather for Machu Picchu , peru. Precipitation here is about 1005 mm | 39.6 inch per year. Beginning at latitude 8.64° S and continuing southward are many snow-capped and glaciated peaks more that 5,000 metres (16,000 ft) in elevation. Madre de Dios The Climate Change Knowledge Portal is a hub of information, data and reports about climate change around the world. Apurímac If it's warm on the coast it can be very cold in the mountains and you can find completely different weather in the jungle. Tarapoto OK Comments Membership info Register new Login Lima Paita In Oxapampa, the climate is warm and temperate. Current Conditions* (Thursday, December 5, 2019 at 04:00 America/Lima time) * This station stopped sending updates, so the data below might be obsolete. Peru is located entirely in the tropics but features desert and mountain climates as well as tropical rain forests. April, like March, is a moderate autumn month in Puno, Peru, with temperature in the range of an average low of -1°C (30.2°F) and an average high of 15°C (59°F).In April, the average high-temperature remains the same as in March - a still mild 15°C (59°F). Southward is the Peruvian coastal desert which becomes at an indefinite location the Atacama Desert which continues into Chile. Bagua Grande [16] The mountain climates are cool, often cold, with varied precipitation depending upon exposure. Peru weather averages and climate Peru, New York. Sicuani Peru is home to 71 percent of the world's tropical glaciers and since 1970 glacial volume has decreased by 40 percent. The mountains are cool-to-cold with rainy summers and dry winters. The climate is warm and temperate in Nuevo Tingo. Average Weather in Ayacucho Peru. Oxapampa is a city with a significant rainfall. Thunderstorms and other, more extreme, storm weather like hail and high winds, are more frequent at the start of the wet season. Amazonas In a few favored locations, where mountains come close to the sea and the fog condenses on the mountain slopes, the garúa permits vegetation to thrive in "fog oases," called lomas in Peru. Many areas of Peru depend upon glacial melt for water for consumption, irrigation, and industry. Lima, Peru: Annual Weather Averages February is the hottest month in Lima with an average temperature of 23.5°C (74°F) and the coldest is August at 17°C (63°F) with the most daily sunshine hours at 7 in April. Precipitation here is about 811 mm | 31.9 inch per year. [25], The Amazon rainforest region comprises about 56 percent of the total area of Peru and is characterized, as is the coast, by its climatic uniformity: hot average temperatures with little variation among the seasons and abundant precipitation. [24] Accelerated glacial melt and the eventual disappearance of glaciers will severely impact the quantity of water available in the coastal and mountain regions. [21] Puno experiences freezing temperatures an average of 226 days annually with freezes occurring in every month. [4], The dividing line between the Amazon and Andean climates is uncertain, but depends mostly on elevation. Climate of Peru describes the diverse climates of this large South American country with an area of 1,285,216 km2 (496,225 sq mi). Lima-Callao Int'l, Peru average weather: temperature, rainfall, global warming, snowfall, sunrise & sunset. Averages are for Lima-Callao / Aerop. This lesson plan provides an introduction to climate change, causes and impacts of climate change globally, climate… Peru can be divided into three basic climate regions: 1. Llamas and alpacas are grazed on the sparse vegetation of the Puna zone up to elevations of 4,770 metres (15,650 ft). During the winter (June to October), the city is often covered with adense fog [drizzle-like], which often lasts all day (locally known as' garúa) with temperatures between 12 and 15 … Even in the driest month there is a lot of rain. The average temperature in Nuevo Tingo is 17.6 °C | 63.6 °F. The indigenous people of Peru have been farming in the Andes for thousands of years despite the severe climatic limitations. The climate here is classified as Cfb by the Köppen-Geiger system. Pucallpa Peru climate guide. Historical or past weather forecast page provides historical weather forecast from 1 st July, 2008 till now in 3 hourly interval. [22] The permanent snow line is at about 5,000 metres (16,000 ft).[23]. Information Peru geographic and climate. [20] Snow is common at elevations of more than 3,800 metres (12,500 ft). Even in the driest month there is a lot of rain. Cajamarca This is a difficult question to answer as the climate of Peru is incredible diverse, with a large variety of climates and micro-climates, including 28 of the 32 world climates. Tacna A climate graph showing rainfall, temperatures and normals. The climate in the "ceja de montana" varies with the elevation from temperate to tropical. The following table summarizes climatic statistics for cities and towns in the Amazon rainforest region. The best time of year to visit Lima in Peru. Ica The graph below shows the average rainfall and number of rainy days per month. Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. Here you can query, map, compare, chart and summarize key climate … [12], Apart from the irrigated agriculture in 57 river valleys coming down from the Andes and passing through the desert en route to the ocean,[13] the coastal desert is almost without vegetation. Average rainfall & rainy days. Oxapampa is a city with a significant rainfall. This website uses cookies. Average Weather in Lima Peru In Lima, the summers are warm, muggy, arid, and overcast and the winters are long, cool, dry, windy, and mostly clear. Tumbes Puno © Climate-Data.org / AM OP / OpenStreetMap contributors. Matucana, 80 km (50 mi) inland at an elevation of 2,464 m (8,084 ft) gets 479 mm (18.9 in) of precipitation. Ancash Pasco The average annual temperature is 14.5 °C | 58.0 °F in Mollepata. Oxapampa is a city with a significant rainfall. Mollendo The Tourist Climate Guide for Peru. This is true even for the driest month. sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFHudson (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFClimate_Change_Risk_Profile (, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather.php3?s=82648&cityname=Lima-Lima-Peru&units=metric, http://botany.si.edu/projects/cpd/sa/sa43.htm, http://botany.si.edu/projects/cpd/sa/sa42.htm, "Best time to visit, weather and climate Puno", "A snow climatology of the Andes Mountains from MODIS snow cover date", "An introduction to the Bofedales of the Peruvian High Andes", "The Nomalous 2017 El Nino event in Peru", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Climate_of_Peru&oldid=992860213, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 14:14. [7], The moisturizing impact of the fog is increased by the high average humidity of the coastal deserts. While there are locations that fit into all three of the Köppen tropical types of climate, Af, Am, and Aw, the differences among the three climates in Peru are small. Arequipa In the Cordillera Blanca, for example, glacial melt provides 80 percent of water in the rivers during the dry season and 4-8 percent during the rainy season. In a year, the rainfall is 1408 mm | 55.4 inch. Cusco Climate Chart » Lima-Callao Climate Chart. )[11], As elevation increases moving inland from Lima and other coastal locations, so also does precipitation. In Oxapampa, the climate is warm and temperate. The cold water, especially in the Austral winter from May to November, cause an inversion, the air near the ocean surface being cooler than the air above, contrary to most climatic situations. While Quincemil has the highest precipitation of places in Peru with a weather station, climatologists say that the slopes of low mountains northwest of Quincemil in Manu National Park may receive more than 8,000 millimetres (310 in) of rain annually. Huaraz There are three main climatic regions: the Pacific Ocean Lomas range in size from very small to more than 40,000 hectares (99,000 acres) and their flora includes many endemic species.Scholars have described individual lomas as "an island of vegetation in a virtual ocean of desert. Arequipa The climate in Ayacucho is comfortable and overcast. Weather in April » Internacional Jorgechavez, which is 6 miles from Lima. By contrast most of the Peruvian coastal desert has average annual temperatures of less than 20 °C (68 °F) and with temperatures falling to or near 10 °C (50 °F) during the Austral winter. Peru is located entirely in the tropics but features desert and mountain climates as well as tropical rain forests. This website uses cookies. Latitude=-13.55, Longitude=-71.98 Because Peru has such a diverse geography the climate can be varied per region. OK Comments Membership info Register new Login The temperature here averages 18.4 °C | 65.2 °F. Thirty-seven mountain peaks in Peru rise to more than 6,000 metres (20,000 ft) in elevation. Compensating for the lack of a freeze-free growing season at elevations above 3,000 metres (9,800 ft), indigenous farmers up until the 21st century have sought out micro-climates and used techniques such as Andenes (terraces) and Waru Waru (raised beds) to capture and store heat and permit hardy crops such as potatoes to grow up to 4,050 metres (13,290 ft) in elevation. Get the latest coronavirus (COVID-19) updates for Peru with current travel advice, statistics and online resources.. Below are average maximum temperatures at popular destinations in Peru for next month - January. The coastal desert of Peru extends unbroken from near the northern border with Ecuador to the southern border with Chile, a north to south distance of 1,600 kilometres (990 mi). The mountains/highlands 3. 21 (the rainy season in the highlands and jungle).. Nuevo Tingo has a significant amount of rainfall during the year. The desert coast 2. Elevations above sea level in the country range from −37 metres (−121 ft) to 6,788 metres (22,270 ft) and precipitation ranges from less than 20 millimetres (0.79 in) annually to more than 8,000 millimetres (310 in). In Oxapampa, Cfb under the Köppen classication, temperatures rarely fall below 11 °C (52 °F) or rise above 26 °C (79 °F) and precipitation is abundant year-round. Select a destination to see the climate guide for all months of the year. Tumbes In a year, the rainfall is 19 mm | 0.7 inch. Annual Weather Averages in Iquitos. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 59°F to 81°F and is rarely below 57°F or above 85°F . Ayacucho Iquitos local time, GMT offset and weather information. The desert coast of Peru has 52 percent of Peru's population on 12 percent of its land area[32] and is especially vulnerable to fluctuations in its water supply, nearly all of which comes from rivers originating in the Andes. This is true even for the driest month. Peru is one of the larger South American countries – some ten times the size of England – covering an area of 1,285,000 square kilometres and with a … The annual rainfall is 782 mm | 30.8 inch. The temperature here averages 18.4 °C | 65.2 °F. Average monthly temperatures and weather for Cusco , peru. The Andes, with elevations almost entirely above 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) and mostly above 3,000 metres (9,800 ft), rise above the desert to the west and the tropical rain forest to the east. This page includes a chart with historical data for Peru Average Precipitation. As a High School or Undergraduate Earth Sciences, Environmental Sciences, or Geography teacher, you can use this lesson plan to teach your students about climate change and global warming and specifically the impacts of climate change in Peru. The seasons of the year (southern hemisphere): Summer: Dec. 22 - Mar. [17][18], A general rule for mountainous areas is that temperature decreases by about 6.5 °C (11.7 °F) for each 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) increase in elevation provided that the change in altitude takes place at the same latitude and other factors such as precipitation and cloud cover are similar. The consequence of increased glacial melt is floods during the wet season and less water in rivers during the dry season. [19] The temperature decline with increasing elevation is less than the average on the Pacific coast side of the Andes because of the unusually low temperature of the fog-bound coast. The driest months are in the Austral winter of June through August. The eastern lowlands The desert coast is subtropical (just like Los Angeles) and generally sees very little rainfall. Climate charts and tables. Temperature in Peru averaged 19.94 celsius from 1855 until 2015, reaching an all time high of 22.72 celsius in February of 1998 and a record low of 17.32 celsius in June of 1893. [31], The most immediately visible problem of climatic change in Peru is the melting of glaciers in the Andes. In the austral summer from December to April, the weather is mostly sunny. It sees an average high temperature of around 22°C all year round. The climate here is classified as Cwb by the Köppen-Geiger system. The Köppen-Geiger climate classification is Cfb. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 46°F to 71°F and is rarely below 41°F or above 76°F.. Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Ayacucho for warm-weather activities is from early April to late November. La Libertad In Oxapampa, the climate is warm and temperate. Autumn: Mar. Extreme weather events, including drought and flood, are anticipated to become more frequent. Many times we are getting questions from our visitor on how the weather will be in a specific region of the country during their visit. The climate here is mild, and generally warm and temperate. The Köppen-Geiger climate classification is Cfb. The sierra, covering one-fourth of Peru, is an area of uneven population distribution, rich in mineral wealth.