See Chapter 5 of NRC 2011a. Trade, Societies and Sustainable Development SUSTRA Network: Sustainability Impact Assessment. Health should be expressly included in the "social" pillar. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. Special Report on Emissions Scenarios. EPA-420-F-09-024. This report examines both currently available and emerging tools, methods, and approaches to find those most appropriate for assessing and/or evaluating potential economic, social and environmental outcomes within an EPA decision context. 2005. • The initiation of cross-statutory or multisector initiatives that aspired to identify and manage tradeoffs among statutes to maximize both environmental protection and economic efficiency. 2011. 324.2521. ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one. tools, techniques and approaches for sustainability: … Wilson, and R.M.J. These types of high-stakes decisions have potentially large impacts on each of the pillars. 4.4. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. sustainability indicators would be transferable and scalable and be adaptable at a regional, state, or local level. Cost-Benefit Analysis and the Environment: Recent Developments. • Obtaining access to scientific and other data generated by less traditional sources that are relevant to EPA decision-making, such as information from private sector and NGO partnerships, initiatives led by NGOs to develop global standards, and newer consortia of private companies, NGOs, and universities (for example, The Sustainability Consortium). 4.7. Sustainability Indicators: A Scientific Assessment. (Recommendation 7c). Available: http://www.epa.gov/raf/publications/pdfs/ECOTXTBX.PDF [accessed July 13, 2011]. Commercial viability: Biofuel production has been assisted by generous tax credits to refiners, currently $0.45 per gallon for corn ethanol and $1.01 per gallon for cellulosic ethanol, to make it commercially viable (PEW 2009). Reduce the risk of failing on your sustainability objectives by capturing sustainability … • Leveraging existing EPA capabilities to achieve larger-scale outcomes that would greatly exceed the effects of following traditional decision-making approaches. Consistent with Executive Order 13514,3 EPA would benefit from implementing an internal agency program to identify key sustainability indicators, implementing a tracking and reporting system to demonstrate progress toward the goals of more sustainable operational practices and benchmark performances against other federal or government agencies and private sector organizations. Ethanol can contribute to energy and environmental goals. Manage. Sustainability impact assessment is used in many European countries and in Canada but has not been used to any great extent in the United States (Zerbe and Dedeurwaerdere 2003). 2002. EPA’s decision making frameworks function in parallel and are in various states of transition, but they are not in integrated relationships with each other. Other challenges with applying life-cycle analysis in a sustainability context involve decisions on where to set system boundaries and what to assume about future technologies. Washington, DC: U.S. General Accounting Office [online]. Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text. 1980. In 2010, total U.S. ethanol production was 13.23 billion gallons (RFA 2011) while U.S. corn production was 12.45 billion bushels (USDA 2011). Such impediments do not exist when the convener is a major government agency that has legal authority to invite major economic actors and their stakeholders into a collaborative, problem-solving process. 2008). Gibson, R. 2005. OECD. In EPA’s 4.5 decades of existence, there have been many instances in which it has adapted its identification of priorities to recognize new generations of problems (for example, naturally occurring exposures to radon gas and the phaseout of chlorofluorocarbons and successor chemicals to protect the stratospheric ozone layer), modified its implementation strategies to take account of innovative thinking (for example, emission trading and offset initiatives and agreement for testing of high-production-volume chemicals), and developed new tools and approaches for managing public-health and environmental challenges (for example, the formalization of risk-assessment guidelines and the development of a risk-screening model to identify potential risks earlier in the chemical-development process and to encourage substitutions). Another opportunity for pattern recognition and outcomes analysis lies in the synthesis of a growing number of databases that are reporting greenhouse-gas emission. Most basically, “tradeoff decisions must not compromise the fundamental objective of net sustainability gain” (Gibson 2006, p.175). Results should be available as early as is practicable; an assessment may show the need for further information or action on particular issues. 2005b. Critical assumptions in the Stern Review on climate change. 2010. Polasky, S., E. Nelson, D. Pennington, and K.A. EPA has decades of experience in applying risk-assessment and risk-management decision tools to a variety of public-health and environmental challenges. There have been concerns that benefit-cost analysis as commonly applied to environmental issues places too much emphasis on the economic costs and too little on benefits and their distribution (OECD 2006). 2011. Reducing the usage of plastic: Leaders of the hospitality industry are taking appreciable measures … Individual companies, even when successful, are limited in their scaling potential by the individual markets that they serve. Improved transparency in shale-gas operations, for example, would yield data and trend analysis that can assist operating companies in working collaboratively to design best practices to capture or prevent the release of methane. In its current strategic plan, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) describes a cross-agency strategy to advance sustainable environmental outcomes and optimize economic and social outcomes through Agency decisions and actions. Global Deployment of Geothermal Energy Using a New Characterization in GCAM 1.0. Integrated assessments cross disciplinary lines to merge theory and data from multiple disciplines to address complex environmental issues. 2006. Such policy. 27, 2011]. Such decisions would probably benefit from the Sustainability Assessment and Management process, either led by EPA or other agencies where EPA has input. Of water Hazard Assessment, California a formal sustainability analysis could also take an and... 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