While backfilling the hole, it has been customary to tamp the soil heavily to avoid leaving large air pockets. Lightly pack the soil around and under the bare roots or the root ball to eliminate air pockets. Part 8 - Root Management Standard 9. Improper planting techniques, particularly planting too deep, were found to be a major cause of tree mortality in managed landscapes. Along the border of the transmission line right-of-way, plant only small trees or shrubs no taller than 10 feet. PURPOSE Establish woody plants to— • Maintain or improve desirable plant diversity, productivity, and health by establishing woody plants. HGEC Fact Sheets, Plant Diagnostic Lab If you’re planting a single hedge, place your trees 30cm apart. According to research, "fertilization is not likely to be effective during the first growing season, as long as there is no nutrient deficiency" (Dr. Gary Watson). The choice of what to plant depends on the purpose of the planting, the site and soil conditions and the availability of the seed, seedlings, or cuttings. Treated burlap is sometimes left in place, but it may not decompose very quickly and could impede root development. Visit the University of Georgia. In addition, research has shown that accepted practices governing the size and shape of the planting hole and the nature of the backfill mixture require some modification. Do not prune the top of the tree although side branches may be pruned to improve form. same guidelines will give best results for them too. After 12 weeks, water weekly until roots are established. Will the branching characteristics have the strength to develop a form suitable for the site? A watering schedule needs to be established, as the important thing to remember is that the rootball and planting area need water on a regular basis for the tree to become established. If planting pits are excavated using a power auger, break vertical sides with a balling bar or spade to interrupt continuous curve influence on root development. Measure from the trunk flare to the bottom of the root ball to determine proper depth keeping in mind that the plant may settle a bit after planting. In poorly-drained heavy clay soil, dig holes one to two inches shallower than the root ball. Backfilling with soil dug from the planting hole is often preferable to mixing the soil with large amounts of organic soil amendments such as peat moss, compost, etc. Mark the north side of the tree in the nursery, and rotate tree to face north at the site when ever possible. Additional drawings regarding tree planting are available in the references section below, as well as at the following 2 websites: . Some tree types are much more likely to snap or blow over in a hurricane. All planning done for new planting, tree replacement programs and other tree related programs or works which impact on Council trees shall be done in consultation with Infrastructure Services. Shigo, A. L., Ph.D., Modern Arboriculture, National Arbor Day Foundation Bulletin No. It is recommended that the planting hole depth be no deeper than the height of the root ball, as measured from the trunk flare to the bottom of the rootball. tree & shrub planting guidelines. Container grown shrubs require little pruning. However, this practice often results in the soil being packed so firmly as to drive out all the fine air spaces needed for a well-aerated soil. Stakes should be removed after one year. Trunk strength, size of the canopy, wind direction and site traffic problems should all be considered before staking a tree. A site … Alder, apple and crabapple, azalea, basswood, cotoneaster, hydrangea, lilac, mountain laurel, peony, pine, privet, rhododendron, spruce, silver maple, white birch, and yew are particularly sensitive. Prior planning is the best course when planting trees or shrubs. A million members, donors, and partners support … Mulch piled up against the trunk may cause bark decay and may create entry points for insects or disease organisms. Planting a tree is a wonderful way to pay it forward to future generations. Planting Stress. Where appropriate, choose the best plant for a given location. The downward fall of rain and hail is initially absorbed or deflected by trees, reducing its force. Newly planted trees and shrubs require 1 ½” water per week until new root growth becomes established. Tree and Shrub Planting Guidelines - October 4, 2006 Jeff Schalau, County Director, Associate Agent, Agriculture & Natural Resources Arizona Cooperative Extension, Yavapai County. Click on their title for more details: 1. required some modification, paving the way for new planting guidelines. Planting a tree is a long-term investment. There are many factors to consider … UConn Home and Garden Education Center, 2017. Match the needs of the plant to the site. However, improper mulching can impair plant health and may lead to the decline of the plant material. The trunk should be held as straight as possible as soil is replaced around the new planting. Fertilizing Trees and Shrubs, UMass Extension IPM Fact Sheet series, July 2000. Soak bare-rooted trees or shrubs for about 30 minutes prior to planting. And give containerised plants a good water before taking them out of their pots. In addition, research showed that the accepted practices governing the size and shape of the planting hole, nature of the backfill mixture, pruning at planting time, tree wrapping, etc. Too deep planting can also encourage the formation of circling roots will girdle or … Plant high. An alternative to tamping the soil would be to water the soil halfway through the backfill process and allow it to drain. The Connecticut Cooperative Extension System is an equal opportunity employer and program provider. Select plant … Based on that research, recommendations were formulated that the planting area be loosened and aerated approximately 3 times the diameter of the rootball, and 3 to 5 times the rootball diameter if the site soil is compacted. Fertilizer applications should be based entirely on soil test results. In some cases, the trunk flare junction may be buried in the top of the rootball and it may be necessary to loosen the burlap or soil at the top of the ball to properly locate the junction. Part 2 – Soil Management 3. Research has shown that improper planting technique, particularly planting too deep, is a major cause of tree and shrub mortality in maintained landscapes. Balled and burlapped plants can be placed in the spring or fall at least 6-8 weeks prior to periods of heat or cold that may stress them, usually April and September. Planting arrangement refers to the pattern or distribution of tree and shrub species across a planting site. A Best Management Practice, ISA- Arborist News). Not all trees require staking and may develop smaller root systems if staked. If a decision is made to leave treated burlap in place, remove as much as possible, or at least the top one-third covering the rootball. Newly planted trees and shrubs require 1 ½” water per week until new root … Cut away and remove any rope, twine, real or synthetic burlap, or plastic. Sun/shade-Full sun means that a site receives a minimum of 6-8 hours of direct sunlight per day. As understory plants, many shrubs can thrive in light to medium shade although flowering may be decreased in heavy shade conditions. Part 6 – Planting and Transplanting 7. 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