Having begun its operations in the Palestinian territories, it remains the largest non-bank financial intermediary in the West Bank and Gaza. Last month, UNRWA said it might not be able to pay the full salaries of its staff for November causing an uproar among staff in its five areas of operation, which include the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria. Last month, UNRWA said it might not be able to pay the full salaries of its staff for November causing an uproar among staff in its five areas of operation, which include the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria. UNRWA is one of the few organizations that has implemented human rights and conflict resolution training for millions of Palestine refugee children in the complex political environment of the Middle East for over 12 years. The film is grossly misleading and we regret the damage it has caused to UNRWA and the United Nations. He recalled that in 2018, UNRWA’s largest donor at that time, the US, stopped its funding, cutting nearly one-third of the agency’s budget. One of UNRWA's flagships has been gender-equality and integration. [5] As of 2019, more than 5.6 million Palestinians are registered with UNRWA as refugees. The programme seeks to be as close to self-supporting as possible. Medical services include outpatient care, dental treatment, and rehabilitation for the physically disabled. "[107], The US State Department has similarly raised concerns about the content of textbooks used in PA schools. According to the UNRWA website: "We have been delivering human rights education in our schools since 2000 to promote non-violence, healthy communication skills, peaceful conflict resolution, human rights, tolerance, and good citizenship. Only by addressing in a just and durable fashion the underlying causes of conflict – and by doing so in accordance with international law and the rights of refugees – can the refugee issue be laid to rest. [51] Qatar increased its donation for Palestinians in Syria by $20.7 million, bringing the 2019 total to $40 million. Last week, Lazzarini announced that UNRWA faced a $70 million funding shortfall that has jeopardized its ability to pay staff full salaries in November and December. UNRWA has stated on multiple occasions that the head of this initiative, David Bedein, fabricates the information he publishes. (Photo via UNRWA) Fourteen US Churches and Church bodies joined together on February 6, 2018 to send a letter to President Donald Trump calling on him to reverse the recent U.S. decision to cut funding to the United … UNRWA was specifically designed not to prescribe how the outcome of an agreement would take shape.[93]. "For more information on MOPAN and to access previous MOPAN reports, please visit the MOPAN website", "MOPAN | Multilateral Organization Performance Assessment Network", "Aussie lawmaker: UNRWA 'notoriously corrupt, "Dilemmas of Prolonged Humanitarian Aid Operations: The Case of UNRWA (UN Relief and Work Agency for the Palestinian Refugees)", "Ethics report accuses UNRWA leadership of abuse of power", "Fatal Approach | National Review Online", "Policy Focus No. Its executive summary states: "The overall orientation of the curriculum is peaceful despite the harsh and violent realities on the ground. While the letter does not call on the State Department to cut aid, the senators write that the American taxpayers "deserve to know if UNRWA is fulfilling its mission or taking sides in this tragic conflict.". [24] The mandate may also be shaped by requests from other UN organs, such as the Secretary-General. In the beginning, the PA used books from Jordan and Egypt. UNRWA issued a plea[145] to all parties to respect the neutrality of its ambulances. FOR PALESTINE REFUGEES IN THE NEAR EAST. Similarly, the United Nations Board of Auditors recognized the quality of the management and leadership of UNRWA. UNRWA policy, however, states that the Palestinian Arabs who fled from Israel in the course of the 1948 war, plus all their descendants, are to be considered refugees until a just and durable solution can be found by political actors. The following discussions cannot be generalized to UNRWA schools elsewhere. [196], Israel damaged or destroyed a number of UNRWA facilities claiming that they were used for war purposes and thus legitimate targets. The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) is a relief and human development agency. [94][124], In 2013 Lt. Col. Since 1950, UNRWA has been the main healthcare provider for Palestinian refugees. Overall negative or very negative representations of Palestinians occurred 49% of the time in Israeli state school books (73% in Haredi school books) and in 84% of Palestinian textbooks. [13], UNRWA is the only UN agency dedicated to helping refugees from a specific region or conflict. [180], An initiative to reform UNRWA was announced by the Center for Near East Policy Research in March 2014. —Philippe Lazzarini, UNRWA "In Gaza, people are going through the garbage," Lazzarini said. Categories full form. UNRWA's mandate encompasses Palestinians displaced by the 1948 Palestine War and subsequent conflicts, as well as their patrilineal descendants,[3][4] including legally adopted children. The video airs speakers telling campers "With God's help and our own strength we will wage war. United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) is a relief and human development agency which supports more than 5 million registered Palestinian refugees, and their patrilineal descendants, who fled or were expelled from their homes during the 1948 Palestine war as well as those who fled or were expelled during and following the 1967 Six-Day war. On the payment of the salaries of the UNRWA staff, Lazzarini stressed that the agency will pay full salaries for November, no later than mid-December, highlighting that UNRWA is making every effort to address the financial flow concerns to meet all financial obligations, stressing that the agency is giving priority to staff salaries. Category . Following the release of the film, UNRWA released a statement that read, in part: UNRWA has conducted a lengthy and detailed investigation into the film and we categorically reject the allegations it contains. According to a UN report, Israel struck seven Gaza shelters, which led to at least 44 Palestinians killed and at least 227 injured. [11] Originally intended to provide employment and direct relief, its mandate has broadened to include providing education, health care, and social services to its target population. It is the PA textbooks used in UNRWA schools in the West Bank, Gaza, and East Jerusalem that have been most extensively studied. The militants were able to enter due to the fact that the school was evacuated at the time because of the war. This work began in 2009 and was made necessary when the camp was destroyed in the fighting between the Lebanese Armed Forces and Fatah al-Islam in 2007. UNRWA depends on voluntary contributions Member states’ contributions cover only the managerial structure of the organisation, i.e. However, the relief agency was supposed to be a temporary solution. They did not dress like Palestinians. Snr EXT RELS & PRJS OFR (Arab Countries) [Temporary]. However, our investigation of the film has revealed that absolutely nothing anti-Semitic or inflammatory was done or said in the scenes filmed in Gaza. No need for UNRWA UNRWA was created in 1949, and its mandate is renewed every three years by the UN General Assembly. Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Delusions, and Amortization, Earnings Before Income, Taxes, Depreciation, and Amortization, Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, and Amortization, Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, and Arbitration. The Summary also states that the curriculum asserts a historical Arab presence in the region, while, The Jewish connection to the region, in general, and the Holy Land, in particular, is virtually missing. A healthy life is a continuum of phases from infancy to old age, each of which has unique, specific needs, and our programme therefore takes a 'life-cycle approach' to providing its package of preventive and curative health services. (ret.) The Counter-terrorism Puzzle, Boaz Ganor, p. 212, Transaction Publishers, 2005, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Politics of the Palestinian National Authority, Organisation for Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Washington Institute for Near East Policy, Palestinian Human Rights Monitoring Group, Israel/Palestine Center for Research and Information, Council for Religious Institutions in the Holy Land, UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, 2014 Israeli shelling of UNRWA Gaza shelters, 2014 Israel–Gaza conflict § United Nations, List of Directors and Commissioners-General of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East, Israel, Palestine, and the United Nations, Textbooks in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict, United Nations Fact Finding Mission on the Gaza Conflict, United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR), "Consolidated Eligibility and Registration Instructions", "In face of U.S. opposition, U.N. renews agency helping Palestinian refugees", "Palestinian Refugees and the Israeli-Palestinian Peace Negotiations", "Evolution of UNRWA's mandate to Palestine refugees - Statement of Commissioner-General (21 September 2003)", "General Assembly Resolution 302 – UNRWA", "LENI STENSETH APPOINTED DEPUTY COMMISSIONER-GENERAL OF THE UNITED NATIONS RELIEF AND WORKS AGENCY FOR PALESTINE REFUGEES IN THE NEAR EAST", https://web.archive.org/web/20090811175024/http://www.un.org/unrwa/publications/pdf/uif-june04.pdf, http://www.unrwa.org/sites/default/files/302%20%28IV%29.pdf, "Members of the Advisory Commission – UNRWA", "Palestinian kids taught to hate Israel in UN-funded camps, clip shows", "Statement of UNRWA Commissioner-General to the Virtual Advisory Commission", "Employees of UN agency for Palestinian refugees on strike", "U.S. ends aid to United Nations agency supporting Palestinian refugees", "UN agency eyes $1.2 bn budget for Palestinians despite US cuts", "Netherlands, Switzerland suspend UNRWA funding over ethics report", "Netherlands resumes funding UNRWA despite alleged abuses", "EU and Germany pledge additional funding to UNRWA", "Qatar donates further $20.7 million to Palestinians in Syria", "Communiqué Ministerial Strategic Dialogue on UNRWA", "Net official development assistance (ODA) per capita for countries receiving over $2 billion in 2012, latest World Bank figures published in 2014", "World Development Indicators: Aid dependency Table of all countries", From UNRWAs page and sub-pages about its educational programmes and sub-pages, Within the pages on education programmes, UNRWA tells about special knowledge and skills, From UNRWAs page and sub-pages about health services, "DONOR COUNTRIES PLEDGE $38.5 MILLION TO UNRWA'S REGULAR BUDGET, $22 MILLION TO EMERGENCY APPEAL – Meetings Coverage and Press Releases", "Lives of millions of Palestinians would be worse off without refugee agency, says Secretary-General at exhibit to welcome 'Friends of UNRWA' Association", "ISRAELI RESTRICTIONS PLACED ON PALESTINE RELIEF AND WORKS AGENCY CRITICIZED BY SPEAKERS IN FOURTH COMMITTEE – Meetings Coverage and Press Releases", "The Netherlands Support UNRWA Community Centre in Syria", "Special Political and Decolonization Committee (Fourth Committee)- Summary record of the 21st meeting held at Headquarters, New York, on Tuesday, 2 November 2004, at 2 :30 p.m.", "Could I begin by expressing our appreciation for Mr". Religious and political tolerance is emphasized in a good number of textbooks and in multiple contexts.". [37], Historically, most of the agency's funds came from the United States and the European Commission;[38][39][40] as of 2019, close to 60 percent of its total pledge of $100 billion came from EU countries, with Germany being the largest individual donor. It provides jobs for thousands of refugees, education, health care, and various other services that are extremely valuable and necessary. For the past 21 years, our agency has engaged the services of journalists who have examined all 364 PA texts used by UNRWA, filmed UNRWA schools, and conducted extensive studies that document the terrorist control of UNRWA schools. Last week, Lazzarini announced that UNRWA faced a $70 million funding shortfall that has jeopardized its ability to pay staff full salaries in November and December. [citation needed]. — UNRWA (@UNRWA) December 15, 2020. There are not only the scandal we witness at the top, with well-paid jobs being created for lovers and husbands of senior staff. It has published a number of evaluations of PA textbooks[109] The latest evaluation from 2011[110] concludes that the situation had not significantly improved, and that there were in fact many examples of incitement to hatred and demonization of Israel – conclusions not widely shared by other experts. "[195], During the 2014 Israel–Gaza conflict, there were many accusations by Israel and many rebuttals by UNRWA. [21], Palestine refugees are "persons whose regular place of residence was Palestine during the period 1 June 1946 to 15 May 1948, and who lost both home and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 conflict. [190] Commonly referred to the Comay-Michelmore Exchange of Letters,[191][192] the initial letter from Michelmore reiterates a verbal conversation between the two, stating that: at the request of the Israel Government, UNRWA would continue its assistance to the Palestine refugees, with the full co-operation of the Israel authorities, in the West Bank and Gaza Strip areas. In addition, we enrich our education programs in Gaza with an agreed human rights curriculum which has been developed with the communities we serve: with educationalists, parents groups, teachers associations, staff members and others. In addition, the critics point to subtle examples not picked up by these studies. On 1 October 2004, Israel again lodged accusations against UNRWA. Nathan Brown investigated the differences between the new PA books and the ones being replaced[106]. The Microfinance Department is an autonomous financial unit within UNRWA, established in 1991 to provide microfinance services to Palestine refugees, as well as poor or marginal groups living and working in close proximity to them. Their letter, sent to the US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, stated in part: "After an exhaustive review of the UN's own audit, it is clear UNRWA is wrought by mismanagement, ineffective policies, and failure to secure its finances. UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East. Other Palestinian schools administered by UNRWA in neighboring countries were unaffected. United Nations – 62nd Session of the General Assembly. With operations in three countries, the MD currently has the broadest regional coverage of any microfinance institution in the Middle East. They, like others who view the agency more positively, realise that UNRWA makes a major contribution to stability in the Middle East. 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