How to read an archaeological site plan and images of Danebury. All were built between the sixth century BC and the mid-first century AD though most originated in the fourth to second centuries BC and only a … Understand the differential distribution of hill forts across the country. Dotted across the landscape of Britain and Ireland, hillforts have been part of our story for millennia and for the first time a new online atlas launched today captures … Research into life in Danebury in the Iron Age and find hill forts using grid references. After viewing the video, teachers could ask pupils to create their own case studies of hill forts and to annotate maps to show where these might have been built. Locate hill forts on local Ordnance Survey maps. Reading contour lines from ubp.buckscc.gov.uk Build a simple hill fort from bbc.co.uk, Receive news and updates about Hamilton Trust, ©2020 Hamilton Trust To undertake practical map reading and produce a sketch map of the hill fort and a profile of the rampart. Terms & Conditions Access to all key stages for up to 30 teachers. Learn more. This Iron Age Hill Fort KS2 outstanding lesson allows pupils to work as history detective Time Teams to solve the Iron Age murder mystery There were huts and cattle enclosures standing ready at all times. They were home to many people, who would have lived in wooden houses with thatched roofs made out of straw. A full lesson for KS2 introducing Iron Age hillforts. Understand different methods of historical enquiry. These new weapons were stronger than Stone or Bronze Age weapons and, of course, with more dangerous weapons, people needed new ways to defend themselves from attack. Read about our approach to external linking. An introduction for KS1/KS2 pupils to migration and how migration to and from the United Kingdom has changed over time. KS2 children label the features of an Iron Age hillfort and explain the purpose of each feature. It can be used to discuss the process of building hill forts and to consider the lives of people living inside them. Teachers can use the sheet to support their own knowledge or use it as the basis of a comprehension activity with pupils. By the end of Key Stage 2, children will learn about life in Britain during the Stone and Iron Ages. An introduction to industrialisation for KS1/KS2 pupils. Hill forts were raised defended settlements, often built on cliff tops or large knolls and spurs, that provided trading centres and secure enclosed habitats for people during the Bronze and Iron Ages. An introduction for KS1/KS2 pupils to migration and how migration to and from the United Kingdom has changed over time. An introduction for KS1/KS2 pupils to why and how the Romans built a network of roads in Britain. Understand how our knowledge of the past is constructed from a range of sources. To research whether all hill forts were on hills. Identify features on a map using a key. Take part in real fieldwork at a hill fort. The vast multiple ramparts enclose an area the size of 50 football pitches! What evidence of hill forts remain in the United Kingdom today? Know and understand the history of the British Isles as a coherent, chronological narrative. They are typically European and of the Bronze and Iron Ages. It describes the Iron Age population of Britain and how they lived in tribal communities. Hill-slope hillforts, rather than "enclosing the hilltop in the manner of contour forts, are situated on the sloping ground on one side of it, overlooked by the crest", whilst plateau forts "face level ground on all sides, regardless of their elevation above sea-level"; these final forts then are often, although by no means always, located in plateaus, hence their name. This video gives pupils an introduction to Iron Age hill forts. Privacy Policy, This site uses cookies to give you the most relevant information. The video explores how and where these hill forts were built and which locations and methods were used to protect inhabitants from enemy attack. BBC Teach > Primary Resources > History KS1 / History KS2 > Explain This... History. Archaeologist Raksha Dave explores Maiden Castle – the biggest Iron Age Hill Fort in Britain. Start to interpret the archaeological evidence on a site. Teach KS2 children about hill forts, how and why they were built, as well as their limitations. Ordnance Survey's Map of Ancient Britain from ordnancesurvey.co.ukTimeline of Iron Age Britain from bbc.co.uk For photographic image of hill forts from geograph.org.ukBuild a simple hill fort from bbc.co.uk. Create an information poster to inform others. Other Iron Age weapons include knives and lances. This discovery had a dramatic impact on everyday life. The forts were surrounded by walls and ditches which helped warriors defend their people from enemy attacks. Read and generate four and six-figure grid references. Address historically valid questions about change, cause, similarity and difference, and significance. To research what has been found in Danebury interior using questions they generated in previous session. Strongholds such as hill forts … Iron tools made farming much easier than before and settlements grew in size. It can be used alongside maps of localities to explore where pupils think hill forts might have been built and why. Hill forts were common across Britain until the Romans invaded in AD43. Some hill forts were almost like small towns. Hill forts were made by adding ditches and timber palisades, stone- and earth-filled wooden frames or cobble stone structures such as towers, walls and ramparts to existing homes or villages. But unless the fine was under attack, they stood empty, waiting until they were needed. Investigate one hill fort in detail and produce a reconstruction drawing or model of a hill fort. In Britain, the Iron Age began in about 800BC and, as its name suggests, it came about when people discovered how to produce iron. We know about these weapons because archaeologists have discovered them in … There are 1,224 hill forts in England. Follow grid references and use a map and compass to find geographical features. Construct informed responses that involve thoughtful selection and organisation of relevant historical information. Understand how our knowledge of the past is constructed from different sources. We can still see evidence of some of them today. They were full of wooden houses with thatched roofs made of straw. Ask questions about cause and significance. Write a narrative about the development of the hill fort based on evidence from that site or elsewhere. The video also shows how the remains of some of these hill forts can still be seen in the United Kingdom today. They will develop knowledge about the purpose of hill forts… Why were hill forts built on hills? Name and locate counties and cities of the UK, geographical regions and their key topographical features (including hills, mountains, coasts and rivers), and land-use patterns, and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time. Hillforts are one of the most prominent types of prehistoric monument across many parts the British Isles and Ireland as well as being the most obvious legacy of the Iron Age period. They were full of wooden houses with thatched roofs made of straw. Become familiar with sketch maps and plans. Usually formed of huge earthen banks and ditches, hillforts come in all shapes and sizes. Suggested activities: Migration. Gain an understanding of the range of hill forts and their significance in Iron Age society. At this time, most people across Britain and Ireland lived in Celtic tribes. Providing invaluable defensive strongholds, hill forts were a common feature of Bronze and Iron Age Europe. Types of settlement and land use, economic activity including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water. Information about Danebury from hants.gov.uk Blog posts about Danebury by its excavator, Prof. Barry Cuncliffe from digitaldigging.net. An introduction for KS1/KS2 pupils to the impact of the digital revolution over the past 50 years. Answer historical questions using map-reading skills. Photocopies of an Ordnance Survey map of your local area, Photocopies of Ordnance Survey: Explorer map 131 showing Danebury and Woolbury hill forts. These hill forts gave the tribes an excellent view, allowing them to … Ordinary settlements, however, commonly evolve in areas of convenience; by a river for drinking water, trading routes, a harbour, or good road communications. The resource includes a detailed lesson plan, Powerpoint and pupil resource sheets. Present the human and physical aspects of a local historic landscape. While the most famous ones (like Ingleborough, Castle Bank an… Some well-known hill forts in Britain, include: Mam Tor (Derbyshire), Maiden Castle (Dorset), Crickley Hill Fort (Gloucestershire), Danebury Ring (Hamphsire), Beacon Hill Fort (Herefordshire), Warham Camp (Norfolk), Uffington Castle (Oxfordshire), South Cadbury Hill Fort (Somerset), Figsbury Ring (Wiltshire), Bredon Hill (Worcestershire), Anglesey (Wales). This short film is relevant for teaching History at KS1 and KS2 in England, Wales and Northern Ireland and 1st and 2nd Level in Scotland. Hill Forts typically dominate entire landscapes, boasting clear views for miles in every direction, and they are commonly within sight of other forts. The hill fort was considered a temporary retreat. But if there’s one thing they have in common, it’s that they’re all ontop of hills, right? After viewing the video, teachers could ask pupils to create their own case studies of hill forts and to annotate maps to show where these might have been built. Use fieldwork to observe, measure, record and present the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps. Maiden Castle in England is one of the largest hillforts in Europe. Teach KS2 children about hill forts, how and why they were built, as well as their limitations. Use a plan from an archaeological dig to draw or model a structure. Donate £33 to get individual access to your key stage. Learning about the Iron Age begins in lower Key Stage 2, which is Year 3. Although some originate in the Bronze Age, the majority of hill forts in Britain were constructed during the Iron Age (about 8th century BC to the Roman conquest of Britain).There was a trend in the 2nd century BC for hill forts to fall out of use. Use in conjunction with our Hill Fort Worksheets.Tags in this resource: Hands-on-Potters-Wheel-Clay-Sculpting-KS2.pngPotters-Wheel-Clay-Sculpting-KS2.pngSculpting-Hands-Clay-Pottery-KS2.png What advantage did this offer? Investigate one hill fort in detail and produce a reconstruction drawing or model of a hill fort. Without a doubt, they were constructed in response to a rise in violence: but what caused the rise in violence is not as clear, although a widening economic gap between rich and poor people is a … These hill forts gave the tribes an excellent view, allowing them to see enemies coming from miles away. Knowledge of the location of your local hill fort. Ideas on setting up a pretend hill fort in your school grounds and surveying instruction sheet. To make it difficult for enemies to attack, tribes surrounded there hill forts with huge mounds of earth, ditches and wooden walls. What Are KS2 Kids Taught About The Iron Age? Iron Age Britain was a violent place. Buy one or more copies of the Ordnance Survey's map of Ancient Britain, Print out or photocopy a map of Britain from the internet or an atlas on A4 for each group. Some are ovoid, some are rectilinear, some have single ramparts (known as univallate hillforts) and some have many (known as multivallate). Use maps to identify some well-known and local hill forts. Iron Age hill forts were once a common sight across Britain. Teachers and pupils could develop timelines of British history, indicating in which era hill forts were built and then explore what existed before and after hill forts as part of a historical study. There are around 3,300 structures that can be classed as hillforts or similar “defended enclosures” within Britain, all … KS2 History - Hill Forts Information Sheet This sheet contains a number of pages with different layouts of a diagram of a hill fort. To protect themselves, they built forts on the tops of hills. How Do We Know About These Weapons? Some are interpreted as being defensive, some for settlement, some for storing grain and others simply for showing off. Iron allowed people to make better tools for farming and daily life, as well as better weapons. Generate questions about a historical topic. These are called hill-forts. KS2 History - Hill Fort Worksheet This worksheet tasks pupils with labelling the different feature of an Iron Age Hill Fort, along with a completed version for reference. An introduction to Iron Age hill forts for KS1/KS2 pupils. Learn about the background of hill forts. Select and present historical information. Create a profile of an archaeological feature. Small multivallate hill forts are those which have an internal area of less than 5ha, with the majority measuring between l and 3.5ha. We find out how it was built - with a succession of steeply-rising ramparts and ditches - … Access to this resource requires any key stage licence. To explore what life was like at Danebury hill fort. Record the grid reference for the hill fort. This video is an ideal tool to help pupils to understand how and why Iron Age hill forts were built in Britain. Draw a scale reconstruction of the hill fort they visited or previously studied including features of physical geography like watercourses and gradients. Pre-Roman Britain – 1c Iron Age Hill Forts. The Romans had their own ideas of how things should be done. This is Maiden Castle, an Iron Age hill fort in Dorset, which historians believe was built almost three thousand years ago. Use in conjunction with our All about Hillforts PowerPoint.Tags in this resource: hillfort-.png William Rowan Hamilton Trust is a charity registered in England and Wales (1150524), By using this site, you accept our Year 5 and Year 6 children gain an understanding of the range of hill forts and their significance in Iron Age society. Ordnance Survey's Map of Ancient Britain from ordnancesurvey.co.ukOrdnance Survey Explorer map 131 from ordnancesurvey.co.uk How to use grid references from getoutside.ordnancesurvey.co.ukReading four figure grid references from slideshare.net Reading six figure grid references from slideshare.net. To explore the physical remains of a hill fort and understand some archaeological methods of gathering evidence. Use the symbols and key of Ordnance Survey maps. Working in groups, pupils could discuss why they think these locations were chosen and how they would have offered protection from enemies to people living inside them. William Rowan Hamilton Trust is a charity registered in England and Wales (1150524), A list of ten must-see Iron Age hill forts, Blog posts about Danebury by its excavator, Prof. Barry Cuncliffe, Searchable database for local historical information, English Heritage site searchable for local historical information, Images and information about hill forts in the UK. You do not need any particular resources for this session. Understand historical concepts such as continuity and change, cause and consequence, similarity, difference and significance, and use them to make connections, draw contrasts, analyse trends. Pupils will discover what life was like in an Iron Age hill fort in Britain. Wrong. To make a 3D contour model of a section of map with a hill fort on it. Celtic Hill Forts. Find your local hill fort: Searchable database for local historical information from heritagegateway.org.ukEnglish Heritage site searchable for local historical information from pastscape.org.uk Images and information about hill forts in the UK from digitaldigging.net. Some hill forts were almost like small towns. Make a 3D contour model of a map section with a hill fort. Hill forts developed in the Late Bronze and Early Iron Age, roughly the start of the first millennium BC, and were in use by the ancient Britons until the Roman conquest. This resource can be used as a labelling exercise to assess pupils’ understanding, as a general resource to support writing or for display. Use in conjunction with our Hill Fort Activity Sheets.Tags in this resource: Hands-on-Potters-Wheel-Clay-Sculpting-KS2.pngPotters-Wheel-Clay-Sculpting-KS2.pngSculpting-Hands-Clay-Pottery-KS2.png What was life like in an Iron Age hill fort? In Iron Age Britain many people lived in hill forts to keep them safe from being attacked with these dangerous iron weapons. Make or draw a reconstruction of a hill fort, including physical geography features and interior details. Sometimes groups of houses were built on the top of hills. Some hill forts were almost like small towns. Select, record and present historical information. Pupils could carry out fieldwork to explore the shape of the land around hill forts and see if they can find evidence of the remains of hill forts in these locations. The largest and most complex Iron Age hill fort in Britain today is Maiden Castle in Dorset. Photograph taken in 1935 by Major George Allen (1891–1940). They were full of wooden houses with thatched roofs made of straw. Devise historically valid questions and investigate answers from a range of sources. A hillfort is a type of earthworks used as a fortified refuge or defended settlement, located to exploit a rise in elevation for defensive advantage. The Celts did not like to live closely together. Hill forts were built on hilltops and surrounded by huge banks (mounds) of soil and ditches. To introduce the historical background of hill forts, explore the range of different types of hill forts and their distribution. This session does not need any provided resources. Inside the hill forts, families lived in … To explore where hill forts are built and why they were built in those locations. Being above your enemy was an advantage in battle. Follow and generate four or six-figure grid references. Transfer features from one map to another of a different scale. Around 800BC people in Britain learned how to use iron. They were protected by wooden walls which kept enemies out. 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