The second day of the week is a Monday, so we want to temperature on Monday in the new variable column). By commenting, you are accepting the Creating a New SPSS Dataset -- Variable Specification and Data Entry When you open SPSS you will see the Data Editor This shows the Data View of the editor. A quicker way to do this would be: [box]MEAN(Var1 TO Var10). In the first example, we use the lag function to create the new variable nvcr1, which is num1 lagged by 1. Quick Steps. IF(gender = 0 and anemia < 12) ... = ... END IF. In the second method, if any of the variables is missing, it will still calculate the mean. Example. If you’re working on really large datasets, … In SPSS syntax, placing an asterisk (*) or a forward-slash followed by an asterisk (/*) at the start of a line will turn all text on that line into a comment. Thanks!! The new variable will provide us with a notion of the general educational aspirations of boththe parents and the student themselves. Typically, comments in SPSS syntax are color-coded with the color gray. To create a variable called total equal to the sum of variables v1, v2, v3, and v4, the syntax is: compute total = v1+v2+v3+v4. *Required field. Else. Viewed 195 times 1. Be aware that there is no “then” in SPSS. Written and illustrated tutorials for the statistical software SPSS. They can be nested within LOOP—END LOOP structures, and loop structures can be nested within DO IF structures. For analyzing a selection of cases, use FILTER or SELECT IF instead. will call up this dialog: Enter a Target Variable, i.e. how recode variable having overlapping range for gender. Gracias, In SPSS, IF computes a new or existing variable. Type: Numeric, comma, dot, scientific notation, date, dollar, custom currency, or string. As with most operations in SPSS, this can be performed either using a menu or using command syntax. John, this will create a new variable called IndexOfHomeOwnership with 4 groups. In almost every situation, you want to use Into Different Variables.Recoding Into Same Variables replaces the values in the existing variable. In the next example, we create the new variables nvcr2 to nvcr5 as the lag of num1. Newvar=MEAN(X1,X2, X3, X4, X5). The syntax below first computes our flag variable -born80s- as a column of zeroes. Alternatively, select Paste the syntax into the syntax window, which will have SPSS write the syntax (command language) that will create the variable whenever you choose to run the syntax command in the future. Arabic / عربية will call up this dialog: Enter a Target Variable, i.e. DO IF—END IF structures can be nested to any level permitted by available memory. The term $SYSMIS refers to system-missing values. Next, we'll use a different RECODE command for males. is perfectly possible. Hebrew / עברית SPSS String Command Commands that pass values into variables, most notably COMPUTE and IF, can be used for both existing and new numeric variables. Create ID Number in SPSS. This changes all occurrences of value 4 to value 3. There are at least two ways to create a string variable in SPSS. RECODE famimpor (4=3). Or we might want to make loglen which is the natural log of length. Portuguese/Portugal / Português/Portugal The new ID variable contains a unique identifier for each case in the data set. Search in IBM Knowledge Center. To create a new string variable within a DO IF—END IF structure, you must first declare the variable on the STRING command. In the new Compute Variable window, first enter the name of the new variable to be created in the ‘Target Variable‘ box.. Alternatively, you can also use SPSS functions with compute commands. When creating variables, the SPSS keyword to will create variables with consecutive numbering. IBM Knowledge Center uses JavaScript. missing values doctor_rating to facilities_rating (6). Croatian / Hrvatski When you sign in to comment, IBM will provide your email, first name and last name to DISQUS. Your comment will show up after approval from a moderator. if(gender = 0 & whours >= 36) fulltime = 1. If I missed anything essential, please throw me a comment below. This creates a dichotomous variable with cut-off point between 2 and 3. So, I recode this overlapping range for gender in SPSS. Also covered is the difference between row numbers (which are a part of the spreadsheet) and ID variables (which are a part of the dataset and act as case identifiers). The aggregate variable name is followed by an optional variable label in quotes, the name of the aggregate function, and the source variable name in parentheses. Hungarian / Magyar In this case, we can first use a RECODE command only for cases whose gender is female. I need to create a new variable based on 3 variables. The … Re: How to square a variable in SPSS 19: Rich Ulrich: 6/27/11 4:59 PM : On Sun, 26 Jun 2011 23:26:42 -0700 (PDT), L Rapeli wrote: COMPUTE is the SPSS keyword, COMPUTE new= old*old. The following is the SPSS syntax that would create the new variable: RECODE String_Zip (Convert) INTO Numeric_zip. DO IF—END IF structures can be nested to any level permitted by available memory. the name for the new variable to create. The logical expression on the second IF command tests whether DEPT equals SALES. SPSS Do If Syntax Example 2 *Different recode commands for females and males. Sometimes data files contain information that is superfluous to a particular analysis and y… Before discussing SPSS missing values functions, we'll first set 6 as a user missing value for the last 5 variables by running the line of syntax below. EXE. the part any(city,1,2,5) means city = 1 or city = 2 or city = 5. Kazakh / Қазақша Select File > New Project. The procedure does not have to use the newly created variable. Our syntax ends with a MEANS table showing minima, maxima, means and standard deviations per gender per group. missing values doctor_rating to facilities_rating (6). or alternatively Dutch / Nederlands Slovak / Slovenčina execute. Here is the full collection of possibilities among SPSS Syntax language variables: Name: Short form of the variable name. Note, however, that RECODE becomes tedious insofar as we must correct more distinct values. One problem is that all the above examples change the original values of the variable. The Target Variable field is where you will type the new variable name such as newvar in the example above. for a selection of cases. Japanese / 日本語 Ask Question Asked 3 years, 10 months ago. The new string values cannot be longer than the defined width of the target variable. Th… All other values remain unchanged, too. This gets us what we want however, as can be seen in the screenshot below, the new “Numeric_Zip” variable is currently set as a “Scale” variable. is not possible -q1 is a variable, not a constant- but Example data were collected on anemia, Hb level <12 is do if gender = 0. recode monthly_income (lo thru 2000 = 1)(lo thru 2400 = 2)(lo thru hi = 3) into income_class. document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a8e68aa88197fbc0c743798759a6395e" );document.getElementById("hf38fc8709").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); A nice way to do this is using the ANY function. END IF. Like so, our last example shows a different route to flag fulltime working males and females using different criteria. The COMPUTE statements are where the new variable (s) are actually computed or set. SPSS provides the tools to quickly create a new variable. And just as importantly, you’ll have documentation for exactly how you created them. for female and <13 is for male. SPSS will not create the new variables unless we issue either the execute command or a procedural command (whether or not the procedure involves the newly created variable). COMPUTE new_var = 3. The variable length contains the length of the car in inches. Swedish / Svenska SPSS … DISQUS terms of service. in the Target Variable window, type the new value in the Numeric Expression window, then click on the If button. Assume we have variable famimpor with values 1, 2, 3 and 4, measuring how important having a family is for the respondent. Scripting appears to be disabled or not supported for your browser. In SPSS the command to do this is called Compute. By default new variables created in this dialog box are numeric. Even Kim Jong Un wouldn't claim he works 160 hours per week! Suppose we wanted to make a variable called length2 which has lengthsquared. Your Syntax works in creating a new group that has the recoded variables. The account name could like like Stack Overflow / TKS. In SPSS, $sysmis is the name of the system missing value. In the ‘Numeric Expression‘ box, enter the function ‘MEAN()‘. Here you can create new variables. Finnish / Suomi John, this will create a new variable called IndexOfHomeOwnership with 4 groups. • Each row holds the data from a participant or “case” • Each column holds the data for a variable After specifying the information for each variable using SPSS Syntax Language Variable Definitions. This process requires you to make a new copy of your SPSS data file. For example, if the ID 100355 appears twice, the new variable will have values of 100355 and 100355_1 in the corresponding rows. The general form of the syntax for computing a new (numeric) variable is: COMPUTE NewVariableName = formula. Norwegian / Norsk The case then falls out of the DO IF structure and SPSS goes to the next case. Be sure to return to the “Split Files” window and click the “Analyze all cases” radio button when you want to go back to analyzing all the data together !!!!! Bulgarian / Български SPSS Syntax- new variable based on 3 variables. In general, it is best to recode a variable into a different variable so that you never alter the original data and can easily access the original data if you need to make different changes later on. This table -shown below- is a nice way to check the results.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'spss_tutorials_com-banner-1','ezslot_4',109,'0','0'])); The maximum for females not working fulltime is below 36. In the syntax below, the execute is technically unnecessary because we issue the procedural command … In Syntax, you can define several different characteristics for each of your variables. Does anyone know an easy way to square a variable in spss 19, that is, to create a new variable by multiplying the values of a variable by itself? Newvar=(X1 + X2 + X3 + X4 + X5)/5 or. Say we'd like to convert people's monthly income into income classes. Example. (If you have value labels, perhaps you should change these now accordingly). This tutorial covers how to create a new dataset in SPSS by manually entering data. Example 1 - Flag Cases Based on Date Function, Example 2 - Replace Range of Values by Function, Example 3 - Compute Variable Differently Based on Gender. If so, the variable RATE is set to 0.02. A syntax to select all account names that include a certain string of.. Of cases, use FILTER or select IF instead value labels, perhaps should... Example is to add the Expression to the compute statements are where the new ID variable contains a identifier. Following is the name of the variable length contains the length in feet instead of,... For male employees and 36 hours for female employees length contains the length in feet instead of simply the... All examples use bank.sav, a short survey of bank employees: RECODE String_Zip ( )! To temperature on Monday in the existing variable for a list of these functions ends with a couple of.! Natural log of length to the next example, we show how to removed characters. Do so by using the menus: Transform > compute old variable sysmis. Has a number appended to it Expression ‘ box, Enter the function ‘ (. Are list, regression and crosstabs + X3 + X4 + X5 ) /5.! A spreadsheet or city = 5 procedural command procedure does not like spaces in above! Valid copy of your SPSS on-disk … hi, I am new on it... Your browser 19 silver badges 47 47 bronze badges | follow | answered Dec 19 '13 at 13:21 create aggregate... S use the compute variable '' command in SPSS of ‘ bothasp ’ assume these respondents filled out monthly! Inches, called lenft first off, RECODE can only set values based on 3 variables, weeks only (... The variable length contains the length of the DO IF that would the! Consecutive numbering SPSS users may be familiar with DO IF structure, you want temperature. Example 1: Inputting string variables into new variables can I make with the color gray command a..., and LOOP structures, and LOOP structures can be nested to any level permitted by memory. First case VAR1=1 and VAR2=2: true or false? Kim Jong Un would n't claim he works 160 per. For gender in SPSS syntax are color-coded with the string command compute and IF almost every situation, ’. -Such as 0, 99 or system missing values- by other constants X3 X4. Of value 4 to value 3 at a case and asks `` VAR1=1 and VAR2=2: true or false ''... Compute filt_1 = 1. execute ) means city = 1 comment below String_Zip. This section we will therefore give it the shortened name in SPSS falls out of the places that SPSS.. Most out of the system missing value tests whether DEPT equals SALES are actually or! Gender = 0 and anemia < 12 is for male RECODE String_Zip ( convert ) into Numeric_zip data. Average, months hold ( 24 * 7 = ) 4.33 weeks to! Uses RECODE and DO IF instead most operations in SPSS syntax are color-coded the! Do whites + DO IF syntax example 2 * different RECODE commands for females and males other! Or not supported for your browser the `` Transform '' - `` compute variable window or. Var10 ) after the first has a number appended to it use FILTER or select IF instead the IF for! Method, IF we 'd run a histogram on weekly working hours Expression window, then this statement ``! One problem is that all the above example, IF any of the Target variable is... As newvar in the next case for this variable in SPSS by manually entering data level < 12 for. And select only those cases that satisfy the conditional for all variables [ /box ] so I! John, this can be nested within LOOP—END LOOP structures, and structures. Your comment will show how to create new variables can I make with the string command every IF. Other constants this tutorial covers how to create a string variable include a certain string of.. Changes all occurrences of value 4 to value 3 value labels, perhaps you should change these now )! Variable using the last 5 variables in hospital.sav to DO this is called compute for contributing Answer. Assume these respondents filled out their monthly -rather than weekly- working hours -whours- 'd... Among SPSS syntax excels at efficiency is when you ’ re working on really large datasets, Written... Else =... ) ( else =... ) into Numeric_zip ID appears. The subsequent compute command to DO this in SPSS syntax are color-coded the. Syntax ends with a means table showing minima, maxima, means and standard deviations gender! Re working on really large datasets, … Written and illustrated tutorials for the software! Car in inches when you sign in to comment, IBM will provide your email first... Or string case, we show how to create a new dataset in SPSS and deviations. See values of 100355 and 100355_1 in the first example, we use the statements... Spss functions with compute String_Zip ( convert ) into... END IF command every. New on SPSS it is interpreted as syntax and saved to the compute variable command. Structures, and LOOP structures can be performed either using a menu or using command.... Monday, so we want to make loglen which is the name of the places that syntax. Case, we make a new variable nvcr1, which is not possible -q1 is a variable the... Name to signify that it is interpreted as syntax and saved to the next example we! Of zeroes a brief discussion of the places that SPSS syntax are color-coded with the color gray would. Creates full_name by concatenating the respondents ' name components constants -such as 0, 99 or system value! The output window whatever- into anything nor RECODE anything into a new, grouping variable in using. Will not create the new variable ( s ) are actually computed or.. To 0.02 or in an IF statement, as you would any other variable name as!, X3, X4 spss syntax create new variable if X5 ) either the execute command or a procedural command places... ‘ _avg ‘ to the output window command syntax on really large datasets, … Written and illustrated for! Date of birth- is in the past but I encourage to use different! Comment will show how to create a new variable column ) appended to it in... Privacy policy did it will show up after approval from a string,... Of procedural commands are list, regression and crosstabs each of your data set I encourage to this... A certain string of text has the recoded variables this tutorial covers how to a... Wondering IF there was a syntax to select all account names that include a certain string of text color-coded the. Wanted spss syntax create new variable if make loglen which is not What I want to 0.02 = 2 ) the execute or... Value after the first example, we can set their values with compute are. Signify that it is a mean let ’ s create some new.! Would any other variable name such as GENDER=1 or RACE=1 and REGION=3 ) and then on... If ( gender = 0 ), un-commented line the next example, SPSS does like! 52 / 12 = ) 168 hours large datasets, … Written and illustrated tutorials for the statistical software.... Works 160 hours and over survey of bank employees anything into a new or existing variable be or... And VAR2=2, then click on the Continue button we assume these respondents filled out their monthly -rather than working. Wish to have this information are Numeric option will not create the new variable where occurrence!